Sea basin strategy: Black Sea

Black Sea

The Black Sea is bordered by 6 countries - including EU members Bulgaria and Romania. Extensive dialogue and stakeholder involvement is vital for a coherent and coordinated approach to maritime issues in the area. A first dialogue was held in 2011 with Bulgarian and Romanian stakeholders.

Since then the Commission has extended the dialogue to all Black Sea countries by holding a conference dedicated to the Black Sea Stakeholders in Bucharest, Romania. The event launched a new phase of a pragmatic cooperation on marine and maritime issues at a sea-basin level, in order to reap the benefits of more growth and jobs for the coastal communities and the littoral states' economies.

Regional cooperation

The Black Sea Synergy launched by the EU is an initiative for regional cooperation with and between the countries surrounding the Black Sea. It was designed as a flexible framework to ensure greater coherence and policy guidance while also inviting a more integrated approach.
The EU also enjoys observer status in two regional organisations:

Funding for Black Sea projects

Marine and maritime-related EU-funded projects can be found across various policy areas and are financed by various EU funds. Especially the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) and the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) provide financial support for actions in this region.

The latter finances the Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Programme 2007-13, which aims to contribute to a stronger and sustainable economic and social development of the region.

The programme's three specific objectives are:

  • Promoting economic and social development in the border areas
  • Working together to address common challenges
  • Promoting local, people-to-people cooperation

The EU Horizon 2020 includes a targeted call for the Black Sea region. The proposed funding amounts to EUR 1.5 million and all the Black Sea countries are strongly encouraged to apply.

Blue Growth infographic

More info

Commission communications

Parliament resolutions

Maritime Forum

European Atlas of the Seas

Maritime affairs


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