Sea basin strategy: Black Sea
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The Black Sea is bordered by 6 countries - including EU members Bulgaria and Romania. Extensive dialogue and stakeholder involvement is vital for a coherent and coordinated approach to maritime issues in the area. A first dialogue was held in 2011 with Bulgarian and Romanian stakeholders.
Since then the Commission has extended the dialogue to all Black Sea countries by holding a conference dedicated to the Black Sea Stakeholders in Bucharest, Romania. The event launched a new phase of a pragmatic cooperation on marine and maritime issues at a sea-basin level, in order to reap the benefits of more growth and jobs for the coastal communities and the littoral states' economies.
The Black Sea Synergy launched by the EU is an initiative for regional cooperation with and between the countries surrounding the Black Sea. It was designed as a flexible framework to ensure greater coherence and policy guidance while also inviting a more integrated approach.
The EU also enjoys observer status in two regional organisations:
- The Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
- The Commission for the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (BSC, Bucharest Convention).
Funding for Black Sea projects
Marine and maritime-related EU-funded projects can be found across various policy areas and are financed by various EU funds. Especially the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) and the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) provide financial support for actions in this region.
The latter finances the Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Programme 2007-13, which aims to contribute to a stronger and sustainable economic and social development of the region.
The programme's three specific objectives are:
- Promoting economic and social development in the border areas
- Working together to address common challenges
- Promoting local, people-to-people cooperation
Blue Growth infographic
- Black Sea synergy - a new regional cooperation initiative (COM(2007) 160 final)
- Report on the first year of implementation of Black Sea synergy (COM(2008) 391 final)
- EU Strategy for the Black Sea (20.01.2011)
- Black Sea section (projects, background info, working documents, events)
European Atlas of the Seas
Study on Arctic lay and traditional knowledge
A new study is on-line
All aboard for a new Adriatic and Ionian Macro-Region: The Commission brings countries closer together
The European Commission has today officially launched a new EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region in the form of a Communication and an Action Plan, to help its 70 million residents to reap the benefit of closer cooperation in areas like promoting the maritime economy, preserving the marine environment, completing transport and energy links and boosting sustainable tourism.
- 18/06/2014 - Q&A on the EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (EUSAIR)