Definition and scope
Marine Knowledge 2020 brings together marine data from different sources with the aim of:
- Helping industry, public authorities and researchers find the data and make more effective use of them to develop new products and services.
- Improving our understanding of how the seas behave.
Why EU-level action?
National data do not tell us all we need to know about the seas as a global system connected by shifting winds, seasonal currents and migrating species; analysis at European level is essential.
The integration of different national and local systems into a coherent whole has been driven by the EU. Its explicit powers in fields like fisheries, the environment, transport, research, enterprise and industry enable it to provide funding and legislate for marine knowledge 2020.
How does it work in practice?
Through the prototype websites of the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODNET), engineers and scientists can see what data are available for a given sea basin, and download both original observations and derived data products such as digital terrain models, sediment distributions and marine habitats. At the same time work is ongoing to help EU countries to optimise their programmes for observing the sea. Pilot projects have started for the Mediterranean and the North Sea.
The benefits of improved access to data are explained by way of case study examples:
- CASE STUDY 1: Offshore Aquaculture: New Sea Cage Design
- CASE STUDY 2: Protection Against Coastal Erosion
- CASE STUDY 3: Protection of Cables for Offshore Wind
- CASE STUDY 4: Hydrographic Data to Assist in Optimising Navigation Routes of Ships
More on marine data
- Communication from the Commission: Innovation in the Blue Economy: realising the potential of our seas and oceans for jobs and growth - COM(2014) 254/2 (13/05/2014)
- Green Paper. Marine Knowledge 2020: from seabed mapping to ocean forecasting. Outcome of public consultation [689 KB] All available translations. (11.11.2013)
- GREEN PAPER: Marine Knowledge 2020 from seabed mapping to ocean forecasting [2 MB] All available translations. (29.08.2012)
- Interim Evaluation of the European Marine Observation and Data Network (29.08.2012)
- Marine knowledge 2020 (Commission communication - 2010)
- European marine observation and data network - impact assessment
- European marine observation and data network - executive summary [41 KB] All available translations.
- Roadmap for a European marine observation and data networkAll available translations.
- Marine data infrastructure - outcome of Public ConsultationAll available translations.
- European marine observation and data network – background paper (2006)
Go to the Maritime Forum for further reading about:
- Projects: ur-EMODNET
- Roadmap for European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) [46 KB] All available translations. (March 2012)
- Background information
- Workshop and working group documents
Call for tenders MARE/2014/10 - Coastal mapping
Whilst considerable progress has been made in mapping the topography of Europe's offshore waters and making the data available through digital terrain models, it is intrinsically more expensive to measure the depth of water in shallow coastal waters because of instrument characteristics and because there is a need to join up with land surveys.
Questions and Answers on innovation in the blue economy
Why do we need innovation in the blue economy?
EU eyes oceans innovation as source of sustainable growth
Two thirds of our planet is covered by oceans and seas. If we manage them in a responsible manner, they can provide sources of food, medicine and energy while protecting ecosystems for generations to come.