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Facts and figures

Some general facts

  • 23 out of 28 EU countries have a coastline.
  • The EU's coastline is 7 times as long as the US' and 4 times as long as Russia's.
  • The EU's maritime regions are home to almost half its population and account for almost half its GDP.
  • In terms of surface area, there is more sea than land under the jurisdiction of EU countries.
  • Including its outlying regions, the EU has the world’s largest maritime territory.

European Atlas of the Seas

European Atlas of the Seas

The European Atlas of the Seas provides direct access to information about European seas (available in English, German and French). The maps cover 8 main themes:

  • Geography
  • Nature – bathing water quality, protected areas, etc.
  • Tourism – museums, aquariums, etc.
  • Security and safety – major oil spills, accident density, etc.
  • People and employment – coastal population, employment in the fishing industry, etc.
  • Transport and energy – shipping for goods and passenger transport, etc.
  • Governance and European policies – fisheries local action groups (FLAGs), regional advisory councils (RACs), etc.
  • Fisheries and aquaculture – fishing quotas, state of fish stocks, fish farms, etc.

Other sources of maritime information on this website


The Blue Economy of the European Union pdf - 415 KB [415 KB] All available translations.

Fact sheet on the European blue economy (without the seabasin data)


  • 29/04/2016 - European Maritime and Fisheries Fund launches in Romania

    Romania has officially kick-started funding under the EU's European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF) for the period up to 2020. The launch of the Fisheries and Maritime Affairs Operational Programme 2014-2020 (POPAM) took place on 21 April in the city of Tulcea in the Danube delta.

  • 29/04/2016 - A summit for the Mediterranean

    Commissioner Karmenu Vella was invited to deliver a speech at the “Mediterranean Leadership Summit” organized by the Economist in Malta on 28 and 29 April 2016. The conference comes at a time when the countries of the Mediterranean Sea are called upon to share their vision for stability, growth and competitiveness in the region.

  • 28/04/2016 - Conference on the blue economy of the Black Sea, Odessa, Ukraine

    Registration is now open