Furthermore, under the EUROPE 2020 initiatives actions for Youth amount to EUR 1.9bn, this is 15.0% more than in 2011. Also Climate change activities have an important place. An increase of 6.1% is planned in 2012 to achieve EUR 8.1 billion in total.
The general programme Solidarity and Management of Migration encompasses four distinct financial instruments, so-called Funds. The appropriations proposed for the External Borders Fund (EUR 349.6 million) increase by 38 % compared to the 2011 budget. The Fund is a solidarity mechanism, supporting those Member States who assume a lasting and heavy financial burden in the area of external borders and visa policy.
In the field of migration, increased resources are foreseen for the European Return Fund (EUR 163 million, + 43 %), which is intended to support the Member States in the application of an integrated management of returns, and to provide for joint actions by Member States, thereby promoting the pooling of resources and expertise, and resulting in common gains and better sharing of information and experiences. This should equip the EU to address irregular migration and human trafficking more effectively, notably in the context of ongoing events in the Southern Mediterranean.
The appropriations for the European Fund for the Integration of Third Country Nationals (EUR 163 million) increase by 23 % compared to the 2011 budget, reflecting the importance of, and the challenges presented by, this new form of solidarity among Member States, in respect of the immigrants legally resident in the EU.
The European Refugee Fund (ERF) will continue to support the following actions: capacity building for the asylum systems of the Member States in general; the voluntary efforts of Member States to provide a durable solution in their territories to refugees and displaced persons identified as eligible for resettlement by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the voluntary burden sharing between Member States consisting of the transfer of beneficiaries of international protection from one Member State to another. An amount of EUR 104 million, including EUR 10 million for the emergency measures in the event of mass influxes of refugees, is proposed for 2012, in line with the financial programming.
The new European Asylum Support Office (EASO) shall become fully operational in June 2011. EASO will in particular aim at supporting transnational cooperation between Member States in asylum related questions. The appropriations for 2012 will increase by EUR 2 million for operational expenditure. The appropriations for the Frontex agency (EUR 79.5 million) are in line with the financial programming for 2012.