The opening of an in-depth inquiry gives interested parties the possibility to comment on the measures. It does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation.
"The Commission acknowledges the contribution of the maritime transport sector to the EU economy. Given the high exposure to competition from third countries offering favourable tax treatment to their shipping companies, the EU allowed the possibility to reduce taxes for maritime transport activities. In the Maltese case, the support measures apply to yachts, bankers, ship lessors, amongst other beneficiaries. This seems neither justified from a competition perspective, nor appropriate in times of high budgetary constraints." said Joaquín Almunia, Commission Vice-President in charge of competition policy.
The Guidelines on state aid to maritime transport allow Member States to reduce taxes for maritime transport of passengers or freight under certain conditions. However, the scope of the Maltese tonnage tax scheme seems too wide and includes fishing vessels, yachts, oil rigs, ship-owners without any shipping activity of their own, i.e. pure lessors and financial institutions providing loans and guarantees to ship owners, operators, managers or administrators.
Given the multitude of exemptions and reductions available, it appears that in a number of cases the level of tax burden for a given tonnage is lower in Malta than in other Member States. This could potentially make the Maltese tonnage tax system more attractive than the ones applied in the rest of the EU. Moreover, no sufficient safeguards are established to ensure that benefits available under the tonnage tax do not spill-over to non-shipping activities of the beneficiaries.
The Commission therefore has concerns that the Maltese scheme may lead to distortions of competition in the EU internal market by potentially attracting companies and vessels from other Member States. The Commission will now investigate in-depth to find out whether these concerns are confirmed or not.
The non-confidential version of the decision in the Maltese tonnage tax case will be made available under the case number SA.33829 in the State Aid Register on the DG Competition website once any confidentiality issues have been resolved. New publications of state aid decisions on the internet and in the Official Journal are listed in the State Aid Weekly e-News.