What is the Directorate General for Education and Culture?
The Directorate General for Education and Culture, or DG EAC, is the branch of the European Commission charged with Education, Training, Youth, Sport, Languages, and Culture.
EAC's activities in the field of languages are framed by the latest Communication on Multilingualism, as well as the Education and Training 2020 strategy (ET2020).
What does it do?
EAC's responsibilities in the field of languages are two-fold; to help support the learning of languages across Europe, as well as promote linguistic diversity.
Specifically, this includes the development of evidence-based policy and the management of initiatives in support of languages across Europe, most notably under the Erasmus+ programme.
As the executive arm of the European Union, the European Commission is held accountable to the European Parliament, namely, in the case of DG EAC, the Education and Culture Committee.
What has been done so far?
The different aspects of multilingualism were defined in the New Framework Strategy for Multilingualism. The adoption of the Framework for the Survey on Language Competences, gave a more detailed description of how the Commission should proceed with the measurement of language competence in the Member States.
This initiative has contributed to the development of an evidence base for language policy.
The Commission has also been responsible for managing initiatives in the field of languages, such as Languages Mean Business, and coordinating the language aspects of the funding programme.
A staff working document accompanying the Rethinking Education initiative built on the results of the first European Survey of language competences. In May 2014 the Council adopted Conclusions on multilingualism and the development of language competences.