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Regulation 44/2001

The Regulation applies between all Member States of the European Union including Denmark which has concluded a parallel agreement on Regulation 44/2001 with the European Community. This agreement entered into force on 1st July 2007.

A judgment given in a Member State shall be recognised in the other Member States without any special procedure being required.

A judgment given in a Member State and enforceable in that State shall be enforced in another Member State when, on the application of any interested party, it has been declared enforceable there. The application shall be submitted to the court or competent authority indicated in the list in Annex II. The appeal against the decision on the application for a declaration of enforceability is to be lodged with the court indicated in the list in Annex III.

Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 will be replaced by Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 (Brussels I Regulation (recast)) as from 10 January 2015. This Regulation shall apply only to legal proceedings instituted, to authentic instruments formally drawn up or registered and to court settlements approved or concluded on or after 10 January 2015. Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 shall continue to apply to judgments given in legal proceedings instituted, to authentic instruments formally drawn up or registered and to court settlements approved or concluded before 10 January 2015 which fall within the scope of that Regulation.


Regulation No 1215/2012 will apply in Denmark under the Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters. The necessary legislative amendments in Denmark already entered into force on 1 June 2013.


The Regulation provides for two forms.


The notifications by the Member States under Articles 75 and 76 of Regulation No 1215/2012 are available on the European e-Justice Portal.


Information provided by Croatia on judicial cooperation in civil matters is available on the European e-Justice Portal.


The forms are only available on the European e-Justice Portal.

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