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Daphne projects are all European projects. This means a number of different things. Most of all, though, it means that at some time the project will have relevance for all the Member States of the EU. The project should generally ‘operate’ in more than one EU country (there are some exceptions, for example a national pilot project to set up a model multidisciplinary task force to tackle domestic violence in a particular context with a view to later sharing that model with other countries). To work together, countries do not necessarily have to have identical problems or responses to these. There is much to be learned from the different ways different Member States respond to issues of violence, and there will be differences in the form that violence takes, too. By working together, organizations from different Member States can explore these differences and also identify similarities, moving towards models, practices and policies that can cross the borders and become ‘European’.
So, European added-value includes geographical coverage of a project but most of all analysis and experimentation that leads to recommendations for common models, protocols, guidelines, structures, mechanisms, policies and processes. In time, for example, a small project run in two or three countries might lead to the production of components of a training course that can be adapted for use in all the Member States. Research on legislation or standards of care, and materials for school curricula or awareness-raising campaigns might lead to EU-wide actions and change. Importantly, the lessons learned from Daphne projects should be able to feed into European debate and inform policy makers on both the issues and possible responses. In practice, to build ‘European added-value’ into a project, it is necessary not only to attempt to run the project in a number of Member States and build multinational partnerships, but also to look beyond the confines of the project to find the broader European relevance of the issues, the actions and the output of the project. Every project should end, if possible, with a clear indication of how the project can be further developed at EU level, and with a statement of its potential for European debate and action.