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Gender equality - glossary RSS

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  • Gender

    Identifies the social relations between men and women. It refers to the relationship between men and women, boys and girls, and how this is socially constructed. Gender roles are dynamic and change over time.

  • Gender Analysis

    Is the methodology for collecting and processing information about gender (in)equalities. Gender analysis is conducted through a variety of tools and frameworks.

  • Gender Awareness

    Gender awareness is an understanding that there are socially determined differences between women & men based on learned behavior, which affect their ability to access and control resources. This awareness needs to be applied through gender analysis into programmes, policies and evaluation.

  • Gender Needs

    Leading on from the fact that women and men have differing roles based on their gender, they will also have differing gender needs. These needs can be classified as either strategic or practical needs.

  • Gender Planning

    Gender Planning refers to the process of planning policy, programmes, projects and evaluation that are gender sensitive and which take into account the impact of differing gender roles and gender needs of women and men in the target community or sector.

  • Gender Roles

    Gender roles are learned behaviours in a given society/community, or other special group, that condition which activities, tasks and responsibilities are perceived as male and female.

  • Gender equality

    Gender equality is the result of the absence of discrimination on the basis of a person's sex in opportunities and the allocation of resources or benefits or in access to services.

  • Gender equity

    Gender equity entails the provision of fairness and justice in the distribution of benefits and responsibilities between women and men. The concept recognises that women and men have different needs and power and that these differences should be identified and addressed in a manner that rectifies the imbalances between the sexes.

  • Gender identity

    A person's sense of being male or female, resulting from a combination of genetic and environmental influences and a person's concept of being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent.

  • Gender mainstreaming

    Integration of the gender perspective into all policies with a view to promoting equality between women and men.

  • Gender-blind

    Gender blindness is the failure to recognise that gender is an essential determinant of social outcomes impacting on projects and policies. A gender blind approach assumes that a policy or programme does not have unequal (even if unintended) outcome on women and men.

  • Gender-sensitivity

    Gender sensitivity encompasses the ability to acknowledge and highlight existing gender differences, issues and inequalities and incorporate these into strategies and actions.


  • Multiple discrimination

    Any combination of discrimination on the grounds of sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.


  • Productive roles

    Refer to the activities carried out by men and women to produce goods and services either for sale, exchange, or to meet the economic needs of the family. For example in agriculture, productive activities include plating, animal husbandry and gardening that refers to farmers themselves, or for other people as employees.


  • Reproductive roles

    Refer to the activities needed to ensure the reproduction of society's labour force. This includes child bearing, rearing, and care for family members such as children, older people and workers. These tasks are done mostly by women.


  • Sex disaggregated data

    For a gender analysis, all data should be separated by sex in order to allow differential impacts on men and women to be measured.