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2014 brochure 'Tackling the gender pay gap in the European Union'

On the occasion of the 2014 European Equal Pay Day, DG Justice published a brochure 'Tackling the gender pay gap in the European Union'pdf(967 kB) Choose translations of the previous link , including information on the issue, updated statistics, European Commission actions, and examples of national good practices on how to tackle it.

International Women’s Day: Commission takes action to close the gender pay gap

Ahead of International Women’s Day (8 March), the European Commission has today adopted a Recommendation Choose translations of the previous link asking Member States to improve pay transparency for women and men in a bid to help close the gender pay gap. The pay gap – the average difference between women and men’s hourly earnings across the entire economy – has barely moved in recent years and is stagnating at 16.4% across the European Union. Further information and Press Pack Choose translations of the previous link .

Commission publishes Report on application of equal pay principle in the EU

The European Commission published a Report on the application of Directive 2006/54/EC on equal treatment of men and women in employment and occupationpdf(82 kB) Choose translations of the previous link . The Report focuses on assessing the application of the equal pay provisions in practice in EU Member States and predicts that, for the future, the main challenge for all of them will be the correct application and enforcement of the rules established by the Directive. The Report is accompanied by Annexes pdf(335 kB) Choose translations of the previous link providing guidance on gender-neutral job evaluation and classification systems, as well as an overview of the landmark EU and national case-law on equal pay and examples of national best practices. 


The gender pay gap reflects ongoing discrimination and inequalities in the labour market which, in practice, mainly affect women. Its causes are complex and interrelated. Visit these pages to understand why the gap exists and learn more about the EU's work to close it.


Boy or girl, equal opportunities?

Boy or girl, equal opportunities?These babies are born with equal opportunities, but the educational and career expectations for boys and girls are different. If nothing has changed by the time they grow up, the boy will be earning on average 16 % more than the girl.

Is our work valued the same?

Is our work valued the same?Women have as good or better qualifications than men, but often their skills are not valued the same as men's and their career progression is slower. This results in an average gender pay gap of 16 % in the EU.

Will having a child harm my career?

Will having a child harm my career?Family responsibilities are not equally shared. As a result, women have more frequent career breaks and often do not go back to a full time job. As a result, women earn on average 16 % less per hour than men; and even 31% less per year, given the higher proportion of female part-timers.

Same job, same pension?

Same job, same pension?The combined effect of lower hourly wages for women with women working fewer hours than men over their lifetime, results in lower pensions. This leads to more women than men experiencing poverty in old age.

 Please find here all the documents related to the gender pay gap Choose translations of the previous link