Navigation path

Gender pay gap

The gender pay gap reflects ongoing discrimination and inequalities in the labour market which, in practice, mainly affect women. Its causes are complex and interrelated. Visit these pages to understand why the gap exists and learn more about the EU's work to close it.

On the occasion of European Equal Pay Day 2015, the European Commission draws attention to the gender pay gap, and its underlying causes.

To mark European Equal pay Day, the Commission released an animated infographic Choose translations of the previous link explaining some of the reasons behind the gender pay gap and an information package which includes:

  • A statement by VÄ›ra Jourová, Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality, accompanied by Questions and Answers;
  • 28 Country factsheets – one for each EU Member State - with figures on the gender pay gap and the overall gender earnings gap in the different Member States; and
  • An EU factsheetpdf Choose translations of the previous link  with the same information for the European Union as a whole.

Furthermore, an analysis of the public consultation “Equality between women and men in the EU”pdf Choose translations of the previous link was published

On the occasion of the 2014 European Equal Pay Day, DG Justice published a brochure 'Tackling the gender pay gap in the European Union'pdf(636 kB) Choose translations of the previous link , including updated statistics, European Commission actions, and examples of national good practices. 

Boy or girl, equal opportunities?

Boy or girl, equal opportunities?These babies are born with equal opportunities, but the educational and career expectations for boys and girls are different. If nothing has changed by the time they grow up, the boy will be earning on average 16 % more than the girl.

Is our work valued the same?

Is our work valued the same?Women have as good or better qualifications than men, but often their skills are not valued the same as men's and their career progression is slower. This results in an average gender pay gap of 16 % in the EU.

Will having a child harm my career?

Will having a child harm my career?Family responsibilities are not equally shared. As a result, women have more frequent career breaks and often do not go back to a full time job. As a result, women earn on average 16 % less per hour than men; and even 31% less per year, given the higher proportion of female part-timers.

Same job, same pension?

Same job, same pension?The combined effect of lower hourly wages for women with women working fewer hours than men over their lifetime, results in lower pensions. This leads to more women than men experiencing poverty in old age.

 Please find here all the documents related to the gender pay gap