Gender pay gap
The gender pay gap reflects ongoing discrimination and inequalities in the labour market which, in practice, mainly affect women. Its causes are complex and interrelated. Visit these pages to understand why the gap exists and learn more about the EU's work to close it.
Boy or girl, equal opportunities?
These babies are born with equal opportunities, but the educational and career expectations for boys and girls are different. If nothing has changed by the time they grow up, the boy will be earning on average 16 % more than the girl.
Is our work valued the same?
Women have as good or better qualifications than men, but often their skills are not valued the same as men's and their career progression is slower. This results in an average gender pay gap of 16 % in the EU.
Will having a child harm my career?
Family responsibilities are not equally shared. As a result, women have more frequent career breaks and often do not go back to a full time job. As a result, women earn on average 16 % less per hour than men; and even 31% less per year, given the higher proportion of female part-timers.
Same job, same pension?
The combined effect of lower hourly wages for women with women working fewer hours than men over their lifetime, results in lower pensions. This leads to more women than men experiencing poverty in old age.
Please find here all the documents related to the gender pay gap