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Roma woman smiling © European Union/Reporters, Eric Herchaft

Stakeholders at work on Roma integration include Member States, EU institutions, regional and local authorities, Roma communities, civil society, international organisations and academia.

A range of stakeholders participate in the European Union’s efforts to foster Roma integration, including Member States, EU institutions, regional and local authorities, Roma communities, civil society, international organisations and academia.

EU countries and EU institutions

EU countries are committed to ensuring that the Roma have the same access to fundamental rights as any other EU citizen. The role of the EU institutions is to provide a European structure (the EU framework, the European Semester Choose translations of the previous link ) to support the work of the EU countries.

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) supports the monitoring of the EU Framework, for example through the LERI project.

Roma involvement

Roma empowerment comes through the active participation of the Roma themselves. Roma civil society has the key role of reflecting Roma concerns directly, and on disseminating information from European and national authorities to those at a local level.

Civil society

To be effective, Roma integration measures require the involvement of civil society in their design, implementation and evaluation, both at national and local levels.

Regional and local levels

Regional and local authorities ensure on-the-ground implementation of national Roma integration strategies. The EU supports many projects stimulating exchanges between regional and local authorities, including the Eurocities Task Force;  the MATRIX project; and the Roma-net project. The European Commission also follows work done by the Council of Europe (including the Alliance of Cities on Roma inclusion) and co-finances the ROMACT project and the ROMED programme.

The European Commission has prepared an interactive map of regions, cities and municipalities that are committed to integrate their Roma population and that have joined initiatives to support them to reach this goal.

International organisations

International organisations like the Council of Europe, the United Nations (OHCHR, UNDP, UNICEF) and the World Bank do essential work, and the European Commission co-operates with them. The European Commission also draws on the research done during the Decade of Roma Inclusion

Academia

Academics are key players too. The European Academic Network on Romani Studies teams up researchers with decision-makers, while also promoting and improving resources on Roma communities.