National strategy for Roma integration
The UK’s set of policy measures includes one roadmap each for Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales. These documents all stress the key role that local and regional authorities must play in the integration of Roma and Travellers.
Council of Europe estimates: approximately 225,000 Roma live in the United Kingdom (0.36% of the population).
For data on the situation on Roma in this country, please see the overview published by the European Agency for Fundamental Rights.
National Roma Integration Strategy/set of measures
The UK’s National Roma Integration Strategy is not a strategy as such, but rather an integrated set of policy measures within the UK’s social inclusion policies. In defining policies focused on the gradual elimination of poverty and social exclusion among marginalised Roma communities, in particular in the areas of education, employment, healthcare and housing, the strategy recognises the importance of developing local action plans corresponding and reflecting the needs of individual communities. It is based on the principle of equal opportunities and highlights the need to ensure everyone's access to mainstream services.
- The UK's National Strategy /set of measures: Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales
National contact point
Each Member State was invited to appoint a National Contact Point for the National Roma Integration Strategy with the authority to coordinate its development and implementation. In the UK it is the Department for Communities and Local Government Integration Division.
Assessment of the UK’s strategy implementation
In Spring 2014, the Commission adopted its assessment on the progress made in the implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategies in the four key areas of education, employment, healthcare and housing as well as in the fight against discrimination and the use of funding.
- The Commission's assessment of the UK's National Strategy (2014)
- The Commission's assessment of the UK's National Strategy (2012)
- The European Union and the Roma – Factsheet United Kingdom
Housing: In the UK, Welsh regional authorities have put in place specific measures to improve accommodation and access to services for Roma and Travellers. The funding made available to local authorities by the Welsh government to allow refurbishment and the creation of new sites has been increased from 75% to 100%.
Project ' SOURCE': The aim of the transnational Roma SOURCE project is to combat and reduce discrimination through developing mutual understanding between Roma and other communities, promoting equal rights and showcasing best practices. The partnership includes eight organisations from six countries across Europe (the UK, Italy, Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria and Spain). With partners from regions of Europe that are both traditionally home to Roma communities and those that have more recently become a destination, this project allows regions, local areas and organisations to learn from each other.
The UK is also involved in 'Music4Rom', a project financed by the European Commission and initiated by the International Yehudi Menuhin Foundation promoting intercultural dialogue between Roma and non-Roma artists through music.