National strategy for Roma integration
Poland has already experimented with some of the strategy’s solutions during a two-year provincial pilot programme, and intends to draw on the best of its teaching.
Council of Europe estimates: approximately 12,731 Roma live in Poland (0.1% of the population).
National Roma Integration Strategy
In August 2003, Poland adopted a "Programme for the Roma community" that has been used since then. Poland is currently preparing a new long-term strategy for 2014 onwards, which will reflect the priorities in the four key areas of education, employment, healthcare and housing, and will include the lessons learned from the current programme.
National contact point
Each Member State was invited to appoint a National Contact Point for the National Roma Integration Strategy, with the authority to co-ordinate its development and implementation. In the case of Poland, it is the Ministry of Administration and Digitisation, Department of Religious Beliefs and National Ethnic Minorities.
Poland’s strategy implementation
In Spring 2014, the Commission adopted its assessment on the progress made in the implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategies in the four key areas of education, employment, healthcare and housing, as well as in the fight against discrimination and the use of funding.
- The European Union and the Roma – Factsheet Poland
Funding for education and employment
In 2005-2013, the Ministry of National Education transferred additional co-financing for the education of Roma pupils to the local authorities, which amounted to PLN 115 049 000 (ca. €28.7 million).
Local authorities used the additional funding to employ Roma educational assistants for additional remedial classes, school trips and other measures supporting the development of Roma pupils in order to fill any gaps in their education.
The project 'Innovative Roma on the labour market II' was launched in 2011 and ended in late 2012. Projects such as those implemented by the Polish Roma Union in Szczecinek were co-financed by the European Social Fund and aimed at finding jobs for the Roma by upgrading their qualifications. More effective support was given to Roma entering the labour market by helping them find training courses, increasing Roma participation in the social sphere and boosting confidence among the Roma on the job market.