National strategy for Roma integration
France’s programmes aim to give the Roma and Travellers access to mainstream measures (common law).
Council of Europe estimates: approximately 400,000 Roma live in France (0.21% of the population).
National Roma Integration Strategy/set of measures
France’s National Roma Integration Strategy is not a strategy as such, but rather an integrated set of policy measures within France’s social inclusion policies. In defining policies focused on the gradual elimination of poverty and social exclusion among marginalised Roma and Travellers' communities, in particular in the areas of education, employment, health and housing, France recognises the importance of developing measures designed to give them access to common law policies.
National Roma contact point
Each Member State was invited to appoint a National Contact Point for the National Roma Integration Strategy, with the authority to coordinate its development and implementation. In France, it is the Délégation Interministérielle à l'Hébergement et à l'Accès au Logement (DIHAL), which is under the responsibility of the Prime Minister.
Assessment of France’s strategy implementation
In Spring 2014, the Commission adopted its assessment on the progress made in the implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategies in the four key areas of education, employment, healthcare and housing, as well as in the fight against discrimination and the use of funding.
- Commission assessment of France’s National Strategy (2014)
- Commission assessment of France’s National Strategy (2012)
- The European Union and the Roma – Factsheet France
Housing: In France, several local authorities have developed "insertion villages" in order to meet the needs of disadvantaged people, including Roma, who live in illegal settlements. Such projects will be replicated by other local authorities with the support of the European Regional Development Fund.
Employment: (Lyon) - The multi-partner Andatu project has mobilised local, civil, national involvement as well as EU funding and combine training, access to employment and housing. As the program targets mobile EU citizens, French language courses are offered. The program also finances short professional trainings and provides individualised support. The European Social Fund supported the launch of the programme with €350,000. Currently reaching 73 beneficiaries, the intervention is planned to be extended to 400 participants requiring a total budget of €1.2 million.
Healthcare: In January 2013, the government engaged to respond to growing health inequalities in the wake of the crisis and to reduce financial barriers to access healthcare.