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Pills on chessboard, abstract medical background © Nikolai Sorokin, Fotolia

Drugs are a complex social and health problem that affects millions of people in the EU.

Every year around 6.100 individuals die in the EU because of drug overdose, 1.700 die of HIV/AIDS attributable to drug use and 1.800 people become infected with HIV because of drugs.

EU countries and the European Commission have developed together, over the past two decades, a European approach to dealing with drugs sustainably. The 28 EU countries have agreed to cooperate closely to:

  • tackle drug-related crime and disrupt drug trafficking;
  • manage effectively the emergence of new psychoactive substances;
  • share best practices and research on drug prevention and treatment;
  • assist countries worldwide to prevent drug production and drugs trafficking.

The European Commission helps develop the European framework for this cooperation. It is our job to:

  • monitor and evaluate actions taken by EU countries to reduce drug use and prevent drugs-related crime and trafficking;
  • propose EU-wide control measures for new drugs when necessary after carefully analysing risk assessments;
  • enforce the EU laws to control and prevent the use of chemical substances for the manufacture of illicit drugs;
  • foster European cooperation by providing financial assistance in the field of illicit drugs.