It is intended to assist Ukraine economically and financially in view of the critical challenges it is facing, notably a very weak and rapidly worsening balance-of-payments and fiscal situation, which is being worsened by the current crisis.
Olli Rehn, Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro, said: "It is in the essential interest of Ukraine and of the EU to maintain peace and political and financial stability in our continent. This financial aid will help in stabilising the worsening financial situation in Ukraine and therefore will be one vital part of achieving a solution to the crisis."
The proposed EU MFA is designed to help Ukraine cover part of its urgent external financing needs in the context of the stabilisation and reform programme currently under preparation with the help of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The proposed assistance is aimed at reducing the economy’s short-term balance of payments and fiscal vulnerabilities.
The disbursement of the assistance would be conditional on the successful implementation of a financing arrangement that the Ukrainian authorities are expected to conclude with the IMF and on specific economic policy conditions that the Commission and the Government of Ukraine will agree on, both in the coming weeks. The policies that the Commission considers important to support through the proposed assistance comprise urgent fiscal consolidation and external stabilisation measures, as well as structural reforms aimed at improving overall macroeconomic management, strengthening economic governance and transparency and improving conditions for sustainable growth.
The proposed new €1 billion programme would be implemented in parallel with the existing programme of €610 million, which has been available since 2010 but has not yet been released.
Background on Macro-Financial Assistance
MFA is an exceptional EU crisis-response instrument available to the EU's neighbouring partner countries experiencing severe balance of payments problems. It is complementary to assistance provided by the IMF. MFA loans are financed through EU borrowings on capital markets. The funds are then on-lent with similar financial terms to the beneficiary countries.
For more information on MFA operations, including today's proposed Decision, please visit: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/eu_borrower/macro-financial_assistance/index_en.htm