Navigation path

Additional tools

    United Kingdom

    Transposition of law

    This last year the Member States had to transpose 66 new directives, which represents a large increase in their workload compared with the preparation of Scoreboard 2016 (47 directives). This situation has caused great difficulties, which are reflected in the results for most of the Member States. In general, since the transposition deficit has risen, the average delay has decreased because the significant number of recent directives counted heavily in the calculation of the delay for overdue directives.

    Transposition deficit: 0.8% (last report: 0.5%) – Slight increase but in a group of 8 Member States that managed to stay under the 1% threshold. The UK has a transposition deficit of only 11% for the directives that had to be transposed in 2016 (until 30 November). However this increased to 44% for the 9 directives with a transposition date within the 3 months before the cut-off date for calculation. This shows that the UK monitors the timely transposition of the directives quite well although with a moderate delay (see average delay below).
    EU average = 1.5%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

    Overdue directives: 8 (last report: 6), including 3 on social policy (38%). No directive is more than 2 years overdue.

    Average delay: 5.4 months (last report: 11.3 months) –Sharp decrease. The UK managed to solve its long overdue directive and most of its outstanding directives (7/8) have been due for less than 12 months.
    EU average = 6.7 months

    Compliance deficit: 0.9% (last report: 1.0%) – Slight decrease that brings the UK under the 1% threshold (twice the proposed target). The UK is no longer in the group of Member States with the highest deficit.
    EU average = 0.7%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%



    Pending cases: 27 (2 new cases and 6 cases closed last report: 31 pending cases >) – Further decrease and now quite close to the EU average number of Single Market-related cases.
    (EU average = 24 cases)

    Problematic sectors environment (8), of which water protection & management (3); transport (7), of which air transport (3) and road and rail transport (3); taxation direct (2 cases) and indirect (3).

    Average case duration: 44.4 months for the 21 cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 35.1 months) – Sharp increase in average duration of pending cases: although the UK was able to solve 5 cases, the remaining cases are getting older and weighing more heavily in the calculation of the average duration (in particular 1 environmental case has been ongoing for 9 years and 1 case on services has been ongoing for more than 12 years).
    (EU average = 36.9 months)

    Compliance with court rulings: 18.7 months for the 6 cases at this stage of the procedure (last report: 19.0 months) – Slight decrease. Among the 3 Member States that reduced their time lag in complying with the Court judgments but still just above the 18-month threshold.
    (EU average = 22.4 months)


    EU Pilot

    The UK’s average response time currently exceeds the 70-day benchmark in EU Pilot by two weeks.


    Internal Market Information System

    Performance – The UK continues to perform very well.

    • The UK has maintained its good performance for all 5 indicators.
    • It is one of the Member States with the fastest answers to requests (on average within 6 days).
    • It is very active in sending requests: it sent 25% of all IMI requests (most of them in the area of Professional Qualifications).



    National provider: Jobcentre Plus (part of the Department for Work and Pension, England, Scotland and Wales), DELNI (Department for Employment and Learning, Northern Ireland)

    EURES advisers (nationally): 13

    Performance: could be improved by a higher number of EURES advisers.


    Your Europe

    National equivalent?

    National portal in EN:

    Record for this period

    • limited participation in Editorial Board work
    • responsive to a large majority of requests for information for the website
    • back-linking from national websites to Your Europe; no reported promotional activities

    Recommended action

    Continue to:

    • ensure stable representation on the Editorial Board
    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • provide information, when requested, on how the country applies Single Market rules
    • link national websites to Your Europe

    Make an effort to:

    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • provide all missing information on how the country applies Single Market rules
    • raise awareness about Your Europe within national administrations and among potential end users



    • Caseloadvery large (> 300)
      Submitted cases: 268 (253 in 2015)
      Received cases: 177 (160 in 2015)
    • Resolution rate: 85% (88% in 2015)
    • Handling time (Home centre)
      Reply in 7 days: 90% (93% in 2015) – good
      Cases prepared in 30 days: 82% (89% in 2015) – good
    • Handling time (Lead centre) Cases closed in 10 weeks: 70% (82% in 2015) – needs improving
    • Staffing
      Sufficient for current caseload? No


    Technical Regulations Information System


    Public procurement

    Overall, the United Kingdom's performance in 2016 was satisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.


    Postal Services

    For easier analysis, EU countries are divided into 3 groups on the basis of absolute GDP per capita and EU accession date (method used in EU postal sector study (2010–13)pdf Choose translations of the previous link :

    • Western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and UK
    • Southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain
    • Eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.

    Prices in purchasing power parity (PPP)

    • Domestic prices 2012–15 (in PPP): Increase from 0.62 PPPs to 0.65 PPPs
    • Cross-border price developments 2012–15 (in PPP): Increase from 0.90 PPPs to 1.02 PPPs
    • Transit time performance D+1: The transit time performance varied between 91.7% and 93.2% in the period under review.
      UK performance target = 93%

    For some countries, the reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from the last Scoreboard, due to subsequent updates that they provided.


    Trade in goods and services

    The UK is the Member State with the lowest trade integration in the Single Market for goods and the second lowest trade integration for services. In 2015, trade integration for services increased above EU average, trade integration for goods continued to decrease strongly.

    Trade in goods and services
    Goods Services
    trade integration
    % GDP
    9.4 4.2
    -6.7 5
    % GDP
    12 3.6
    -3.6 3.1


    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2015, the UK's share of EU FDI inflows showed the highest decrease in the EU whereas the share of outflows experienced the highest increase. The share of EU FDI inward stock showed also the highest decrease in the EU, the share of outward stock decreased also slightly.

    Share of EU FDI Flows Share of EU FDI Stocks
    inward outward inward outward
    % FDI 2015 9 -12.6 18.7 16.5
    Change 2014–15
    (in pp)
    -9 15 -2.8 -0.2