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    United Kingdom

    Transposition of law

    Transposition deficit: 0.5% (last report: 0.4%) – slight increase but still in line with both the EU average and the 0.5% proposed target.
    EU average = 0.7%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

    Overdue directives: 6 (last report: 5), including 3 on transport (50%) and one more than 2 years overdue on the powers of the European supervisory authorities in the financial sector.

    Average delay: 11.3 months (last report: 11.9 months) – one of the 6 Member States having decreased or equalled their former average transposition delay. The UK is still above the EU average owing to 1 long overdue directive and 1 directive due for more than a year in its quite small backlog.
    EU average = 10.1 months

    Compliance deficit: 1.0% (last report: 1.0%) – stable result, better than both the EU average and the 0.5% proposed target. In the top 4 of Member States with the highest deficit, with 11 directives not correctly transposed into national law.
    EU average = 0.7%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%



    Pending cases: 31 (last report: 32 > 2 new cases and 3 cases closed) – stable result. In a group of 9 Member States with above the EU average number of single market-related cases
    (EU average = 26 cases)

    Problematic sectors

    • Taxation:
      • direct taxation (2 cases)
      • indirect taxation (3)
    • Environment:
      • atmospheric pollution (3)
      • water protection & management (3)

    Average case duration: 35.1 months for the 24 cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 31.9 months) – slight increase. Increase in average duration of pending cases because few cases not yet sent to Court (1) were closed since last time.
    (EU average = 30.7 months)

    Compliance with court rulings: 19 months for the 6 cases at this stage of the procedure (last report: 19.3 months) – stable result. In a group of 8 Member States that decreased their average duration of cases since last time but still just above the 18-month threshold.
    (EU average = 21 months)


    EU Pilot

    The UK’s average response time currently exceeds the 70-day benchmark in EU Pilot by more than a week.


    Internal Market Information System

    Performance – The UK continues to perform very well.

    • The UK has maintained its good performance for all 5 indicators.
    • It is one of the Member States with the fastest answers to requests (on average within 6 days).
    • It is very active in sending requests: it sent 21% of all IMI requests (most of them in the area of Professional Qualifications).



    National provider: Jobcentre Plus (part of the Department for Work and Pension, England, Scotland and Wales), DELNI (Department for Employment and Learning, Northern Ireland)

    EURES advisers (nationally): 13

    Performance: could be improved significantly by increasing the number of vacancies sent in to the EURES portal. Compared to 2014, the number of contacts with employers and resulting ratio of placements have gone up.


    Your Europe

    National equivalent?

    National portal in EN:

    Record for this period

    • organisation and hosting of an Editorial Board meeting in London
    • active participation in Editorial Board work
    • responsive to all requests for information for the website
    • promotional activities and back-linking from national websites to Your Europe

    Recommended action

    Continue to:

    • try to ensure stable representation on the Editorial Board
    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • provide information, when requested to do so, on how the UK applies single market rules
    • raise awareness about Your Europe within national administrations and among potential end users
    • link national websites to Your Europe



    • Caseloadvery large (> 300)
      Submitted cases: 253 (250 in 2014)
      Received cases: 160 (139 in 2014)
    • Resolution rate: 88% (87% in 2014)
    • Handling time (Home centre)
      Reply in 7 days: 93% (77% in 2014) – good
      Cases prepared in 30 days: 89% (92% in 2014) – good
    • Handling time (Lead centre) Cases closed in 10 weeks: 82% (65% in 2014) – good
    • Staffing
      Sufficient for current caseload? No


    Technical Regulations Information System


    Public procurement

    Overall, the United Kingdom's performance in 2015 was satisfactory. See more: Public procurement performance.


    Postal Services

    For easier analysis, EU countries are divided into 3 groups on the basis of absolute GDP per capita and EU accession date (method used in EU postal sector study (2010–13)pdf Choose translations of the previous link :

    • Western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and UK
    • Southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain
    • Eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.

    Prices in purchasing power parity (PPP)

    • Domestic prices 2010-14 (in PPP): increase from 0.44 PPPs to 0.63 PPPs
    • Cross-border price developments 2010-14 (in PPP): increase from 0.64 PPPs to 0.99 PPPs
    • Transit time performance D+1 (national target: 93%): in line with the average for the ‘western’ group of countries — in 2010 these were at 91.4% and in 2014 at 93%

    For some countries, the reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from the last Scoreboard, due to subsequent updates that they provided.


    Trade in goods and services

    The UK is the Member State with the lowest trade integration in the single market for goods and the second lowest trade integration for services. In 2014, both indicators showed a slight decrease.

    Trade in goods and services
    trade integration
    % GDP
    10.1 4
    -4.7 -2.2
    % GDP
    12.2 3.5
    -3.1 -6.1


    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2014, the share of FDI inward flows to the UK saw a very strong increase, whereas the share of outward flows was negative. The shares of FDI stocks increased.

    Share of EU FDI FlowsShare of EU FDI Stocks
    % FDI 201428-21.3 18.1 15.2
    Change 2013–14
    (in pp)
    13.7 -161.6 0.8