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    Spain

    Transposition of law

    This last year the Member States had to transpose 66 new directives, which represents a large increase in their workload compared with the preparation of Scoreboard 2016 (47 directives). This situation has caused great difficulties, which are reflected in the results for most of the Member States. In general, since the transposition deficit has risen, the average delay has decreased because the significant number of recent directives counted heavily in the calculation of the delay for overdue directives.

    Transposition deficit: 2.4% (last report: 0.4%) – Huge increase and one of the 3 Member States whose score is worse by at least 2.0 percentage points. Spain is also the Member State with the third highest deficit. Spain has a transposition deficit of 30% for the directives that had to be transposed in 2016 (until 30 November) and 67% for the 9 directives with a transposition date within the 3 months before the cut-off date for calculation. This shows that Spain has great difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of the directives. In addition, its average delay (see below) is double the EU average.
    EU average = 1.5%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

    Overdue directives: 24 (last report: 4) including 6 on financial services and 5 on social policy. One directive on settlement finality in payment and securities settlement systems is more than 2 years overdue.

    Average delay: 8.1 months (last report: 11.5 months) – Significant decrease. Spain added 1 very long overdue directive to its backlog but most of its other outstanding directives (19/24) have been due for less than 12 months. The remaining 4 were due to be transposed between 1 to 2 years ago.
    EU average = 6.7 months

    Compliance deficit: 0.8% (last report: 1.0%) – Slight decrease that brings Spain close to the EU average.
    EU average = 0.7%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

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    Infringements

    Pending cases: 47 (9 new cases including 4 in the environment sector and 12 cases closed including 4 cases in the transport sector; last report: 50 pending cases) – Slight decrease but still in the top 5 of Member States with most single market-related infringements.
    (EU average = 24 cases)

    Problematic sectors: environment (17 cases), of which environmental impact (5) and water protection & management (5); direct and indirect taxation (6); transport (7), of which air transport (4).

    Average case duration: 27.5 months for the 42 cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 21.2 months) – Increase by 6.3 months but still in the top 5 of Member States with the lowest average duration. A number of Spanish cases have been ongoing for a long time (with 1 running for around 12 years) but they are balanced by the large number of quite recent cases (less than 2 years).
    (EU average = 36.9 months)

    Compliance with court rulings: 24.5 months for the 20 cases at this stage of the procedure (last report: 21.9 months) – Slight increase, as Spain recently complied with a judgment, 3.5 years after the Court ruling. Among the 20 judgments that occurred in the last 5 years, 6 concern taxation and 5 are about the environment.
    (EU average = 22.4 months)

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    EU Pilot

    Spain’s average response time currently exceeds the 70-day benchmark in EU Pilot by less than two weeks.

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    Internal Market Information System

    Performance – Spain continues to perform exceptionally well.

    • It maintains its exemplarily good performance.
    • Spain is now one of the fastest in answering requests.
    • The performance for all indicators is continuously well above the EU average despite of the very high volume of incoming requests.

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    EURES

    National provider: SEPE (Public State Employment Service)

    EURES advisers (nationally): 60

    Performance: could be improved by providing more vacancies held by the PES to the EURES portal and a higher number of EURES advisers.

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    Your Europe

    National equivalent?

    New national portal in ES, CA, EU, GL, EN: www.administracion.gob.es

    Record for this period

    • active participation in Editorial Board work
    • responsive to a large majority of requests for information for the website
    • back-linking from national websites to Your Europe; promotional activities

    Recommended action

    Continue to:

    • ensure stable representation on the Editorial Board
    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • provide information, when requested, on how the country applies single market rules
    • raise awareness about Your Europe within national administrations and among potential end users
    • link national websites to Your Europe

    Make an effort to:

    • provide all missing information on how the country applies single market rules

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    SOLVIT

    • Caseloadlarge (> 300)
      Submitted cases: 115 (155 in 2015)
      Received cases: 129 (146 in 2015)
    • Resolution rate: 78% (75% in 2015)
    • Handling time (Home centre)
      Reply in 7 days: 95% (92% in 2015) – good
      Cases prepared in 30 days: 91% (90% in 2015) – good
    • Handling time (Lead centre) Cases closed in 10 weeks: 73% (68% in 2015) – needs improving
    • Staffing
      Continuitygood
      Sufficient for current caseload? No

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    Technical Regulations Information System

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    Public procurement

    Overall, Spain’s performance in 2016 was unsatisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

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    Postal services

    For easier analysis, EU countries are divided into 3 groups on the basis of absolute GDP per capita and EU accession date (method used in EU postal sector study (2010–13)pdf Choose translations of the previous link :

    • Western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and UK
    • Southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain
    • Eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.

    Prices in purchasing power parity (PPP)

    • Domestic prices 2013–15 (in PPP): Increase from 0.39 to 0.46 PPPs
    • Cross-border price developments 2013–15 (in PPP): Increase from 0.79 PPPs to 0.98 PPPs
    • Transit time performance D+3: No data is available for Spain. According to the Spanish postal law, quality of service in Spain is measured for D+3 delivery, instead of the standard D+1 (next day delivery).

    For some countries, the reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from the last Scoreboard, due to subsequent updates that they provided.

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    Trade in goods and services

    Trade integration in the single market for goods and services is below the EU average in Spain. In 2015, both indicators showed a rather strong increase.

    Trade in goods and services
    Goods Services
    Intra-EU
    trade integration
    % GDP
    2015
    15.6 5
    Change
    2014–15
    4.4 5.2
    Intra-EU
    imports
    % GDP
    2015
    16 3.6
    Change
    2014–15
    6.4 10.1

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    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2015, Spain's shares of EU FDI inflows showed the second highest decrease in the EU, the decrease of its share of outflows was the third highest. The share of EU FDI inward stock experienced the second highest reduction in the EU; the decrease of the share of outward stock was the highest in the EU.

    FDI
    Share of EU FDI Flows Share of EU FDI Stocks
    inward outward inward outward
    % FDI 2015 2.1 7.1 6.9 5.1
    Change 2014–15
    (in pp)
    -5.7 -4.8 -0.5 -0.8