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    Romania

    Transposition of law

    In 2016, the Member States had to transpose 66 new directives, which represents a large increase in their workload compared with 2015 (47 directives) and 2017 (39 directives). This unusual workload caused great difficulties in transposing directives on time, as a result the transposition deficit of most Member States increased dramatically. The current Scoreboard shows that the situation is returning to normal, even if those difficulties are still reflected in the results of several Member States.

    Transposition deficit: 1.5 % (last report: 2 %) – Marked decrease by 0.5 percentage point. One of the 13 Member States whose score is above the 1.0 % threshold (Member State with the second highest deficit) but in the process of reducing the deficit caused by the 2016 increased workload. Romania has a transposition deficit of 43 % for the 14 directives with a transposition date within the 6 months before the cut-off date for calculation (1.6.2017–30.11.2017). This shows that this Member State has great difficulties in monitoring the timely transposition of the directives.
    EU average = 0.9 %; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5 %

    Overdue directives: 16 (last report: 20) including 4 on financial services and 4 in the environmental sector. Directive on settlement finality in payment and securities settlement systems is now transposed and Romania has no more directive more than 2 years overdue.

    Average delay:  9.1 months (last report: 7.1 months) – Marked increase by 2 months. Romania has no more long overdue directive (due for 2 years or more) and most of its outstanding directives (11/16) have been due for less than 12 months. Nevertheless, the 5 remaining directives have been due for 1 to 2 years and are weighing a lot in the average delay.
    EU average = 8.7 months

    Conformity deficit: 0.3 % (last report: 0.4 %) – Slight decrease. Romania is in a group of 9 Member States that are below both the EU average and the 0.5 % proposed target.
    EU average = 0.6 %; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5 %

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    Infringements

    Pending cases: 21 (6 new cases including 3 in the environment sector and 3 cases closed; last report: 18 pending cases) – Increase by 3 cases but still under the EU average of the Single Market-related cases.
    (EU average = 24 cases)

    Problematic sectors: environment (10 cases = 48 % of all pending cases), of which waste management (5) and atmospheric pollution (4).

    Average case duration: 31.5 months for the 19 cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 33.9 months) – Decrease by 2.4 months. Romania has moved from the 13th place of the Member States with the shortest case duration to the 7th place. Romania has 6 cases not yet sent to the Court that have been ongoing for between 3 and 7 years; the other 13 cases have been running for less than 3 years (16.9 months on average).
    (EU average = 39.8 months)

    Compliance with court rulings: no case at this stage of the procedure and closed in the 5 last years (last report: idem).
    (EU average = 23.6 months)

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    EU Pilot

    Romania's average response time currently exceeds the 70-day benchmark in EU Pilot by less than two weeks.

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    Internal Market Information System

    Performance – Romania now performs very well.

    • Romania has further improved its performance despite the very high volume of incoming requests. (13 % of all requests in IMI are sent to Romania)
    • 3 of 5 indicators show continuous improvement over the last 4 years.
    • Speed in answering requests has improved further but remains below the EU average.
    • In 2017, Romania received 336 requests in the area of Posting of workers (11 % of all requests in this area) whilst it sent just 13.

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    EURES

    National provider: ANOFM (National Employment Agency Romania)

    EURES advisers (nationally): 44

    Performance: good.

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    Your Europe

    National equivalent? None

    National portal in RO, EN, FR: https://edirect.e-guvernare.ro

    Record for this period

    • active participation in Editorial Board work
    • responsive to the majority of requests for information for the website
    • back-linking from national websites to Your Europe; no reported promotional activities

    Recommended action

    Continue to:

    • ensure stable representation on the Editorial Board
    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • provide information, when requested, on how the country applies Single Market rules
    • link national websites to Your Europe

    Make an effort to:

    • provide all missing information on how the country applies Single Market rules (Cf Company cars
    • raise awareness about Your Europe within national administration and among potential end users

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    SOLVIT

    • Caseloadmedium
      Submitted cases: 66 (60 in 2016)
      Received cases: 76 (73 in 2016)
    • Resolution rate: 99 % (99 % in 2016)
    • Handling time (Home centre)
      Reply in 7 days: 81 % (62 % in 2016) – good
      Cases prepared in 30 days: 80 % (69 % in 2016) – good
    • Handling time (Lead centre) Cases closed in 10 weeks: 80 % (77 % in 2016) – good
    • Staffing
      Continuityexperienced staff
      Sufficient for current caseload? yes

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    Technical Regulations Information System

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    Points of Single Contact

    • 11 out of 20 analysed procedures (3 do not exist) are available online through the PSC.
    • The online procedures related to the company registration are available for cross-border users although the use of eID, eSignature, payment of fees is not possible in other procedures.
    • Broad range of information is available in another language.
    • User feedback is collected and managed in relation to all the services.
    • Points identified for improvement:
      • making procedures available fully online;
      • cross-border accessibility of online procedures;
      • procedures to be explained in more detail.

    Public procurement

    Overall, Romania’s performance in 2017 was unsatisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

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    Postal services

    For easier analysis, EU countries are divided into 3 groups on the basis of absolute GDP per capita and EU accession date (method used in EU postal sector study (2010–13)pdf Choose translations of the previous link :

    • Western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and UK
    • Southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain
    • Eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    • Transit time performance D+1: Quality of service was much lower than the national target (85 %) for the reported years. The transit time performance was 33.1 % in 2016.
      The Romanian performance target is 85 %.

    For some countries, the reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from the last Scoreboard, due to subsequent updates that they provided.

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    Trade in goods and services

    Romania’s trade integration in the Single Market for goods is above the EU average, while trade integration for services is just below the EU average. In 2016, both indicators slightly increased.

    Trade in goods and services
    Goods Services
    Intra-EU
    trade integration
    % GDP
    2016
    28.0 6.7
    Change
    2015–16
    1.0 2.1
    Intra-EU
    imports
    % GDP
    2016
    30 4.8
    Change
    2015–16
    0.9 -0.3

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    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2016, Romania's share of EU FDI inflows stayed unchanged, the share of outflows decreased slightly. The shares of FDI stock remained unchanged.

    FDI
    Share of EU FDI Flows Share of EU FDI Stocks
    inward outward inward outward
    % FDI 2016 0.8 0.1 0.9 0.0
    Change 2015–16
    (in pp)
    0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0