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    Italy

    Transposition of law

    This last year the Member States had to transpose 66 new directives, which represents a large increase in their workload compared with the preparation of Scoreboard 2016 (47 directives). This situation has caused great difficulties, which are reflected in the results for most of the Member States. In general, since the transposition deficit has risen, the average delay has decreased because the significant number of recent directives counted heavily in the calculation of the delay for overdue directives.

    Transposition deficit: 0.9% (last report: 0.8%) – v.
    EU average = 1.5%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

    Overdue directives: 9 (last report: 9). One directive on technical requirements for the testing of human tissues and cells is more than 2 years overdue.

    Average delay: 6.1 months (last report: 6.6 months) – Slight decrease. The fact that Italy added 1 long overdue directive (30 months) to its backlog is balanced by the short duration (less than a year) of most of its other outstanding directives (8/9).
    EU average = 6.7 months

    Compliance deficit: 0.6% (last report: 0.8%) – Further decrease and new best ever result. Since November 2013, Italy divided by 4 the number of directives it had transposed wrongly (27 to 6 today). Italy is now under the EU average and close to the proposed target.
    EU average = 0.7%; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5%

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    Infringements

    Pending cases: 41 (3 new cases and 12 cases closed; last report: 50 pending cases) – Second biggest decrease in total cases (-18%) and a spectacular fall over the last 3 years (-44%). Italy is still in the top 5 of Member States with the highest number of single market-related cases (but has moved from the second to the fifth position among them).
    (EU average = 24 cases)

    Problematic sectors: environment (15 cases), of which waste management (5), water protection & management (4) and atmospheric pollution (4); air transport (4); indirect taxation (4).

    Average case duration: 51.5 months for the 36 cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 39.2 months) – Huge increase in the average duration (third highest increase among Member States): although Italy solved a number of quite recent cases within the last year, the remaining ones (11 cases running for between 5 and 12 years) are getting older and have a proportionately greater impact on the calculation of the average duration.
    (EU average = 36.9 months)

    Compliance with court rulings: 24.1 months for the 12 cases at this stage of the procedure (last report: 29.6 months) – Highest decrease among the 3 Member States that reduced their time lag in complying with the Court judgments. Nevertheless, Italy is still in the top 5 Member states with the longest compliance delay. The long delay is because Italy complied with 12 judgments within the 5 last years, including 4 where compliance took more than the EU average (around 5 years for 2 of them).
    (EU average = 22.4 months)

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    EU Pilot

    Italy’s average response time currently exceeds the 70-day benchmark in EU Pilot by less than two weeks.

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    Internal Market Information System

    Performance – Italy continues to perform moderately well.

    • Satisfaction ratings by counterparts have improved and are now very good.
    • The percentage of requests accepted within one week is relatively low and should be improved.
    • There is room for further improvement in responding to requests by the agreed deadline.

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    EURES

    National provider: Agenzia Nazionale Politihe Attive Lavoro

    EURES advisers (nationally): 78

    Performance: could be improved by providing more vacancies held by the PES to the EURES portal and a higher number of EURES advisers.

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    Your Europe

    National equivalent?

    Government portal in IT: www.italia.gov.it (under revision)

    Business portal in IT and EN: www.impresainungiorno.gov.it

    Record for this period

    • limited participation in Editorial Board work
    • responsive to all requests for information for the website
    • promotional activities and back-linking from national websites to Your Europe

    Recommended action

    Continue to:

    • ensure stable representation on the Editorial Board
    • provide information, when requested, on how the country applies single market rules
    • raise awareness about Your Europe within national administrations and among potential end users
    • link national websites to Your Europe

    Make an effort to:

    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • complete work on a citizens' portal

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    SOLVIT

    • Caseloadlarge
      Submitted cases: 91 (91 in 2015)
      Received cases: 184 (184 in 2015)
    • Resolution rate: 92% (92% in 2015)
    • Handling time (Home centre)
      Reply in 7 days: 71% (71% in 2015) – needs further improving
      Cases prepared in 30 days: 77% (77% in 2015) – good
    • Handling time (Lead centre) Cases closed in 10 weeks: 54% (54% in 2015) – needs improving
    • Staffing
      Continuitygood
      Sufficient for current caseload? Yes

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    Technical Regulations Information System

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    Public procurement

    Overall, Italy’s performance in 2016 was unsatisfactory. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

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    Postal services

    For easier analysis, EU countries are divided into 3 groups on the basis of absolute GDP per capita and EU accession date (method used in EU postal sector study (2010–13)pdf Choose translations of the previous link :

    • Western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and UK
    • Southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain
    • Eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.

    Prices in purchasing power parity (PPP)

    • Domestic prices 2012–15 (in PPP): PPP prices sharply increased from 0.59 PPPs to 2.83 PPPs
    • Cross-border price developments 2012–15 (in PPP): Increase from 0.74 PPPs to 3.53 PPPs
    • Transit time performance D+1: In Italy, the D+1 transit times performance slightly decreased from 92.9 % in 2012 to 90.5% in 2014. Data for 2015 is not available.

    For some countries, the reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from the last Scoreboard, due to subsequent updates that they provided.

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    Trade in goods and services

    Italy's trade integration in the single market for goods and services is very low, trade integration in services is the lowest in the EU. Both indicators rose slightly in 2015.

    Trade in goods and services
    Goods Services
    Intra-EU
    trade integration
    % GDP
    2015
    13.5 3.2
    Change
    2014–15
    3.5 4.4
    Intra-EU
    imports
    % GDP
    2015
    13 3.5
    Change
    2014–15
    5.2 4.5

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    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2015, Italy's share of EU FDI inflows and outflows decreased slightly. The share of FDI inward stock remained unchanged whereas the decrease of the share of FDI outward stock was the third highest in the EU.

    FDI
    Share of EU FDI Flows Share of EU FDI Stocks
    inwardoutward inward outward
    % FDI 2015 4.6 5.7 4.3 5.0
    Change 2014–15
    (in pp)
    -3.3 -3.3 0 -0.4