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    Hungary

    Transposition of law

    In 2016, the Member States had to transpose 66 new directives, which represents a large increase in their workload compared with 2015 (47 directives) and 2017 (39 directives). This unusual workload caused great difficulties in transposing directives on time, as a result the transposition deficit of most Member States increased dramatically. The current Scoreboard shows that the situation is returning to normal, even if those difficulties are still reflected in the results of several Member States.

    Transposition deficit: 0.3 % (last report: 0.8 %) – After having doubled its deficit 1 year ago, Hungary divided it by 2 and achieved its best ever result, together with 3 other Member States. It is now in the top 3 of the Member States with the lowest transposition deficit. In addition, Hungary is the only Member State that managed to transpose 100 % of the 14 directives with a transposition date within the 6 months before the cut-off date for calculation (1.6.2017–30.11.2017). This shows that this Member State monitors the timely transposition of the directives very well, although with a moderate delay (see below).
    EU average = 0.9 %; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5 %

    Overdue directives: 3 (last report: 8), all in the transport sector. No directive is more than 2 years overdue.

    Average delay: 6.8 months (last report: 3.5 months) – Marked increase by 3.3 months with an average delay that has almost doubled. Nevertheless, Hungary is still in the group of the Member States with the shortest delay. It has no long overdue directive (due for 2 years or more) and all its outstanding directives are due for a short time.
    EU average = 8.7 months

    Conformity deficit: 0.8 % (last report: 0.6 %) – Increase by 0.2 percentage point that puts Hungary over both the EU average and the 0.5 % proposed target.
    EU average = 0.6 %; Proposed target (in Single Market Act) = 0.5 %

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    Infringements

    Pending cases: 26 (7 new cases and 3 cases closed; last report: 22 pending cases) – Increase by 4 cases and now above the EU average number of Single Market-related cases.
    (EU average = 24 cases)

    Problematic sectors: environment (6 cases), services (4) and air transport (3).

    Average case duration: 31.3 months for the 22 cases not yet sent to the Court (last report: 30 months) – Further slight increase but still better than the EU average. Hungary managed to resolve 3 cases with a duration of around 2 years. Out of the 22 remaining cases, 1 has been running for 12.5 years, 4 for between 3 and 8 years and 5 for between 18 months and 3 years. These cases weigh heavily in the calculation of the average duration.
    (EU average = 39.8 months)

    Compliance with court rulings: 17.7 months for the 4 cases at this stage of the procedure and closed in the 5 last years (last report: 14.1 months) – Increase by 3.6 months because 2 cases now older than 5 years – both of them with a short compliance duration – are no longer part of the calculation.
    (EU average = 23.6 months)

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    EU Pilot

    Hungary's average response time currently exceeds the 70-day benchmark in EU Pilot by less than a week.

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    Internal Market Information System

    Performance – Hungary has further improved its excellent performance.

    • Hungary is well above the EU average for all 5 indicators, which show further improvement compared to 2016.
    • Hungary has performed well in answering requests, taking on average 7 days to reply.
    • Satisfaction rates among counterparts remains very high, close to 100 %.
    • In 2017, Hungary received 249 requests in the area of Posting of workers while it sent just 1 request in this area.

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    EURES

    National provider: NFSZ (National Employment Service)

    EURES advisers (nationally): 23

    Performance: could be improved by a higher quality of information related to job vacancy transfer, providing more vacancies held by the PES to the EURES portal and a higher number of EURES advisers.

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    Your Europe

    National equivalent?

    National portal in HU: www.magyarorszag.hu

    Record for this period

    • active participation in Editorial Board work
    • responsive to the majority of requests for information for the website
    • promotional activities; no back-linking from national websites to Your Europe

    Recommended action

    Continue to:

    • ensure stable representation on the Editorial Board
    • attend the Board meetings twice a year
    • provide information, when requested, on how the country applies Single Market rules 
    • raise awareness about Your Europe within national administrations and among potential end users

    Make an effort to:

    • provide all missing information on how the country applies Single Market rules (Cf company cars)
    • link national websites to Your Europe

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    SOLVIT

    • Caseloadvery large
      Submitted cases: 260 (499 in 2016)
      Received cases: 44 (48 in 2016)
    • Resolution rate: 93 % (94 % in 2016)
    • Handling time (Home centre)
      Reply in 7 days: 99 % (96 % in 2016) – very good
      Cases prepared in 30 days: 96 % (92 % in 2016) – very good
    • Handling time (Lead centre) Cases closed in 10 weeks: 88 % (85 % in 2016) – good
    • Staffing
      Continuityexperienced staff
      Sufficient for current caseload? yes

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    Technical Regulations Information System

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    Points of Single Contact

    • 17 out of 20 analysed procedures are available online although most of them (16) are partially available online.
    • Online procedures are accessible for cross-border businesses.
    • General information is available in another language.
    • Points identified for improvement:
      • making procedures available fully online;
      • translation of more specific information.

    Public procurement

    Overall, Hungary’s performance in 2017 was average. For further information and the methodology applied, please see the section on Public procurement performance.

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    Postal services

    For easier analysis, EU countries are divided into 3 groups on the basis of absolute GDP per capita and EU accession date (method used in EU postal sector study (2010–13)pdf Choose translations of the previous link :

    • Western – Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Sweden and UK
    • Southern – Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain
    • Eastern – Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
    • Transit time performance D+1: Stable and good D+1 performance in the period under review. In 2016, 90 % of letters were delivered within the next day.
      The Hungarian performance target is 90 %

    For some countries, the reference figures for the previous period may differ slightly from the last Scoreboard, due to subsequent updates that they provided.

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    Trade in goods and services

    Hungary is the Member State with the 3rd highest trade integration in the Single Market for goods. Integration for services is also above EU average. In 2016, trade integration for goods increased at a higher rate than trade integration for services.

    Trade in goods and services
    Goods Services
    Intra-EU
    trade integration
    % GDP
    2016
    61.9 11.6
    Change
    2015–16
    1.0 0.5
    Intra-EU
    imports
    % GDP
    2016
    57.9 9.8
    Change
    2015–16
    1.0 -2.7

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    Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)

    In 2016, Hungary's shares of EU FDI inflows and outflows increased strongly, the increase of the share of EU FDI inflows was the third highest among EU Member States. Both shares of inward and outward FDI stock decreased slightly.

    FDI
    Share of EU FDI Flows Share of EU FDI Stocks
    inwardoutward inward outward
    % FDI 2016 -0.9 -1.9 1.0 0.3
    Change 2015–16
    (in pp)
    2.1 1.1 -0.1 -0.1