“EU Pilot” EU Pilot is an informal dialogue between the Commission and the Member State concerned on issues related to potential non-compliance with EU law, prior to launching a formal infringement procedure. It works by the Commission and national governments using an online database and communication tool to share information on the details of particular cases.
EU Pilot does not cover only single market legislation. At the same time, some single market instruments and sectors are covered by comparable systems already established before the introduction of EU Pilot.
The Commission may need to gather information – on its own initiative or in response to a complaint - about whether compliance with EU law is ensured.
Using EU Pilot, it sends a query to the national government concerned, which has 10 weeks to reply.
The Commission then has 10 weeks to assess the response.
If the response is unsatisfactory, the Commission may start infringement proceedings.
1. by indicator
The single indicator – the average time taken by each country to respond to the Commission's query – has a benchmark figure of 70 days.
(based on one single indicator)
Indicator  - EU 28 governments' average response time
Facts and Figures
State of play in 2016:
Cases opened: 790
Cases processed: 875
Cases still open at end of 2016*: 1175
* including backlog from previous years
Infringement proceedings opened in 2016 following closure of EU Pilot cases: 233
Countries with highest number of new EU Pilot cases in 2016:
Spain and France: 53
Main policy areas of the 790 EU Pilot investigations started in 2016:
Environment: 19% – Nature protection, water protection and management, chemicals.
Mobility and transport: 13% – Road safety, maritime and air transport
Internal market, industry, entrepreneurship and SMEs: 14% – Automotive industry, horizontal legislation for goods and non-harmonized sectors, public procurement.
Taxation and customs: 13% – Indirect taxation – VAT, direct taxation, customs
These policy areas together represent 59% of all new EU Pilot cases.
EU Pilot cases opened in 2016: main policy areas