"EU Pilot" is a scheme designed to resolve compliance problems without having to resort to infringement proceedings.
It is based on a website which the Commission and national governments use to share information on the detail of particular cases, and give governments a chance to remedy any breaches through voluntary compliance.
EU Pilot does not cover 100% of single market law, as some areas were already covered by comparable systems before its introduction.
The Commission may need to gather information – on its own initiative or in response to a complaint - about whether EU law is being correctly applied or whether national law is consistent with EU law.
Using EU Pilot, it sends a query to the national government concerned, which has 10 weeks to reply.
The Commission then has 10 weeks to assess the response.
If it is unsatisfactory, the Commission may start infringement proceedings.
The final goal of the system is to allow Member States to remedy potential EU law infringements by complying voluntarily with EU Law.
1. by indicator
The single indicator – average time taken by each country to respond to the Commission's query – has a benchmark figure of 70 days.
(based on one single indicator)
Indicator  - EU 28 governments' average response time
Facts and Figures
Total cases in 2014:
Still open at end of 2014*: 1348
* including backlog from previous years
Infringement proceedings opened in 2014 following closure of EU Pilot files: 325
Main countries - with most EU Pilot submissions at the end of 2014:
Greece and Poland: 73
Main policy areas of the 1208 EU Pilot investigations started in 2014:
Environment: 17% – e.g. protecting natural areas, waste, environmental impact assessment
Mobility and Transport: 13% – air, rail & road transport, road safety
Taxation and customs: 12% – customs, direct & indirect taxation
Internal Market: 12% – public procurement, regulated professions (qualifications), freedom to provide services and set up a business abroad
These policy areas together represent 64% of all new EU pilot files.
EU Pilot files opened in 2014: main policy areas