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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 78 25 35 99 78 38 45 6094 26 19 49 933 4 68 2 172 36 19 13 202 190 77 173 758 11 173 153 924 10494
Belgium (BE) 98 5 2 19 41 16 5950 648 37 4 82 218 2 2 2279 1 4648 14 50 9 3 284 72 1001 6 53 610 16154
Bulgaria (BG) 150 316 790 22 141 56 142 1804 375 3 127 365 11 21 19 66 18 23 3 2 138 223 259 2984 9 173 218 8458
Croatia (HR) 21 1 1 17 14 4 27 26 16 127
Cyprus (CY) 1 1 3 72 56 1 3 3 1 23 14 2 8 398 2 588
Czech Republic (CZ) 838 51 55 39 45 21 81 1354 31 34 195 102 4 3 11 45 233 21 10 944 35 38 199 1353 19 117 236 6114
Denmark (DK) 20 29 9 6 73 47 352 6 5 61 37 54 1 59 1 107 12 11 1 2 130 2708 999 1216 2 5969 57 11974
Estonia (EE) 12 15 3 34 1856 3 125 4 1 39 74 48 5 14 1 9 173 1373 3 832 7 4631
Finland (FI) 27 33 7 3 64 29 21 139 1 1 122 31 6 6 49 12 1 1 56 1395 722 12 745 63 3546
France (FR) 92 4775 18 104 43 64 56 1192 143 4 170 543 59 1 1681 5 231 98 209 49 5 5 908 172 2735 34 110 5796 19302
Germany (DE) 12369 1284 151 6 85 340 2122 10 300 409 1179 65 892 1416 28 8 2244 10 2966 840 196 46 28 136 1790 1811 6276 181 30 2590 13912 53720
Greece (EL) 54 239 25 15451 11 75 2 44 109 2081 4 128 183 1 3 4 158 18 7 13 2 17 55 772 5819 19 2 277 288 25861
Hungary (HU) 1825 112 6 343 6 235 105 76 2373 33 378 392 3 5 166 8 11 117 215 36 101 990 3510 13 1 356 328 11744
Ireland (IE) 10 47 4 4 13 8 35 149 8 2 34 3 5 4 76 111 5 3 1 2 262 65 11538 3 1150 12 13554
Italy (IT) 505 741 20 139 63 88 3 55 1025 1722 1506 12 260 6 2 28 36 268 89 128 76 14 185 1572 333 6648 47 3 95 2910 18579
Latvia (LV) 16 24 2 11 4 177 8 52 15 462 1 79 16 39 6 4 6 1 1 8 183 675 24 518 26 2358
Lithuania (LT) 14 60 5 231 2 35 19 548 182 67 207 2 38 61 2 1 18 322 1368 56 1298 29 4565
Luxembourg (LU) 11 278 1 3 28 147 2 3 19 1 6 1 1 3 108 3 615
Malta (MT) 1 6 1 1 3 1 14 1 69 9 4 8 1 4 16 759 4 12 914
Netherlands (NL) 352 5138 1 9 50 192 48 172 4173 32 4 141 149 11 49 4 86 70 11 4 18 257 394 2261 115 815 269 14825
Poland (PL) 875 7659 4 63 416 1392 1 84 364 6424 17 8 1630 520 11 29 17 5 413 22 6 47 10 725 1699 12517 1248 4700 447 41353
Portugal (PT) 20 502 2 12 84 12 333 350 2 2 172 61 1 62 2 96 24 2 6 795 117 6004 4 1 291 762 9719
Romania (RO) 506 5741 101 1 432 8 245 61 1170 4308 468 692 557 4920 13 7 177 5 27 14 21 705 933 7758 14 511 557 29952
Slovakia (SK) 3958 92 8 3 37 5833 68 12 27 1109 17 113 222 98 2 3 31 98 1 1 37 26 112 1440 40 175 275 13838
Slovenia (SI) 738 10 1 4 4 3 6 3 15 128 4 15 147 7 1 2 2 10 30 189 7 24 58 1408
Spain (ES) 147 654 21 4 8 11 154 3 139 1490 1854 27 9 472 3118 21 12 2 336 108 1490 26 2 29 585 14718 33 394 328 26195
Sweden (SE) 58 46 2 10 7 2721 7 1084 63 213 53 7 123 75 59 8 2 110 64 9 2 2 242 1554 231 19707 91 26550
United Kingdom (UK) 189 297 8 5233 100 437 6 280 763 1357 877 21 14502 1172 27 5 76 51 810 201 93 311 34 12 1089 783 138 2808 208 31888
Iceland (IS) 4 2 292 4 2 28 5 2 1 2 1 21 5 5 498 128 1125 13 2138
Liechtenstein (LI) 94 3 2 5 4 20 5 21 6 2 1 3 1 4 2 100 8 2 283
Norway (NO) 8 8 5 2 1 641 1 57 19 81 19 16 21 1 6 3 65 19 4 1 1 86 1572 469 165 180 3451
Switzerland (CH) 217 89 11 39 32 17 193 855 14 9 30 561 3 1 3 1 63 25 13 6 6 16 96 126 399 3 93 44 2965
Total 23229 28330 460 18 22837 7103 9680 72 4521 12625 40176 4921 1025 20729 15318 593 94 6655 186 11148 2217 2425 722 1528 914 9581 16532 96587 3651 305 45044 28637 417863
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals, contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.