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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 66 25 35 99 72 38 39 6483 26 14 49 699 4 68 2 178 31 19 11 188 158 71 122 742 10 173 153 881 10456
Belgium (BE) 95 5 2 19 37 14 5487 714 37 4 82 203 2 2 2279 1 4911 13 50 7 3 249 52 959 6 53 535 15821
Bulgaria (BG) 140 268 790 22 131 46 98 1875 375 3 127 357 11 21 19 69 18 22 4 2 136 117 166 2834 7 173 208 8039
Croatia (HR) 7 1 1 39 48
Cyprus (CY) 1 1 2 77 56 1 3 2 1 23 11 1 3 351 2 535
Czech Republic (CZ) 780 50 55 39 41 14 67 1404 31 33 195 89 4 3 11 48 225 21 10 449 35 31 129 1270 19 117 208 5378
Denmark (DK) 21 29 9 6 66 44 366 6 5 61 32 54 1 59 1 111 11 11 2 105 1949 941 1190 2 5969 55 11106
Estonia (EE) 12 14 3 31 1707 3 144 4 1 39 112 48 5 14 1 3 130 1354 2 832 7 4466
Finland (FI) 27 33 7 3 64 29 19 155 1 1 122 23 6 6 50 13 1 1 45 995 686 12 745 51 3095
France (FR) 87 4286 18 104 43 62 55 1323 143 4 170 482 59 1 1681 5 237 94 207 33 3 5 817 129 2567 32 110 5408 18165
Germany (DE) 11764 1223 151 86 340 2111 10 282 366 1179 64 892 1166 28 8 2244 8 3049 780 191 38 16 130 1582 1458 6039 178 30 2590 13169 51172
Greece (EL) 48 221 25 15460 11 70 2 41 51 2098 4 128 120 1 3 4 164 18 7 13 14 42 555 3921 19 2 277 284 23603
Hungary (HU) 1614 95 6 343 6 235 93 61 2487 33 378 370 3 5 173 9 10 113 141 36 90 634 3251 11 1 356 307 10861
Ireland (IE) 10 26 4 4 13 6 32 161 8 2 25 3 5 4 78 113 4 2 2 188 52 10649 3 1150 9 12553
Italy (IT) 466 613 20 139 63 84 1 44 703 1906 1506 11 260 6 2 28 34 277 86 128 60 9 170 1361 248 5553 45 3 95 2702 16623
Latvia (LV) 15 24 2 11 4 176 7 47 8 500 1 79 13 39 6 4 4 1 1 2 138 637 22 518 26 2285
Lithuania (LT) 13 58 5 227 2 34 14 612 182 44 207 2 41 55 2 1 16 219 1288 52 1298 28 4400
Luxembourg (LU) 11 231 1 3 24 156 2 3 15 1 6 3 105 3 564
Malta (MT) 1 6 1 1 3 1 14 1 69 9 4 8 1 2 11 696 4 12 844
Netherlands (NL) 334 4501 1 9 50 179 47 138 4083 32 4 141 132 11 49 3 77 68 9 1 18 224 308 2098 114 815 187 13633
Poland (PL) 828 6397 4 63 416 1342 1 77 331 6989 17 8 1630 539 11 29 17 5 527 22 4 24 10 672 1263 12014 1229 4700 419 39588
Portugal (PT) 20 401 2 12 81 12 279 356 2 2 172 45 1 62 2 104 23 2 6 570 94 4333 4 1 291 623 7500
Romania (RO) 417 4380 101 432 8 235 55 673 4475 468 662 557 5434 13 6 184 4 27 7 21 331 680 7334 13 511 540 27568
Slovakia (SK) 3649 82 8 37 5833 63 10 25 1173 17 99 222 86 2 3 32 90 1 3 36 23 75 1370 40 175 261 13415
Slovenia (SI) 510 10 1 4 3 4 2 14 146 4 15 112 7 1 2 4 23 181 7 24 46 1120
Spain (ES) 139 490 21 8 11 130 2 113 1168 2072 27 8 472 2096 21 12 2 344 95 1432 24 1 22 355 11941 32 394 279 21711
Sweden (SE) 55 45 2 10 7 2720 6 1050 47 235 53 7 123 53 59 8 1 110 60 8 2 202 1491 225 19707 89 26375
United Kingdom (UK) 182 266 8 5233 100 413 6 244 658 1519 877 20 14502 830 27 5 76 50 844 197 84 236 14 11 873 595 136 2808 161 30975
Iceland (IS) 4 2 286 4 1 30 5 2 1 2 1 21 4 3 377 126 1125 12 2006
Liechtenstein (LI) 89 2 1 5 4 20 5 21 6 2 1 3 4 2 100 8 2 275
Norway (NO) 8 7 5 2 1 631 1 56 17 94 19 14 21 1 6 2 66 18 4 1 1 58 1087 452 164 179 2915
Switzerland (CH) 214 82 11 39 30 16 148 917 14 9 30 354 3 1 3 1 64 25 13 2 4 16 84 83 387 3 93 44 2690
Total 21560 23909 460 22847 7103 9475 67 4178 10523 42584 4921 971 20729 13478 593 94 6655 177 11718 2089 2345 584 863 833 7770 11935 85709 3575 305 45044 26691 389785
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals, contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.