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Regulated professions by country, with competent authorities

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What is a regulated profession?

A profession is said to be regulated when access and exercise is subject to the possession of a specific professional qualification.

Regulated professions in this database

This database contains lists of regulated professions in the EU member states, EEA countries and Switzerland covered by the Directive 2005/36/EC.

Regulated professions are grouped together under generic headings called "generic professions". This is to help find regulated professions which are listed in the language of the country in which they are regulated.

The profession's generic heading cover professions regulated in different Member States, which may cover different activities.

Further information on regulated professions

Qualified professionals wishing to obtain recognition for establishment or wanting to provide services on a temporary and occasional basis within the EU Member States, EEA countries or Switzerland should seek advice from the relevant Contact Point in the future host country (EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland).

The contact points are responsible for providing general information on recognition of professional qualifications provided for in Directive 2005/36/EC as well as on competent authorities and national legislation governing the professions.

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Name of regulated profession Country Region Recognition under Directive 2005/36/EC Qualification level
Thérapeute pour animaux Switzerland All regions Level to be checked
Tierarzt Germany All regions Veterinary Surgeon
Tiesu medicīnas eksperts Latvia All regions Doctor in Basic (listed) and Specialised Medicine in field not listed in Annex V Diploma from post-secondary level (more than 4 years)
Tiflopedagogas Lithuania All regions General system of recognition - primary application Diploma of post-secondary level (3-4 years)
Tilintarkastaja/ revisor Finland All regions Not applicable Diploma of post-secondary level (3-4 years)
Tintolavanderia Italy All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition Certificate attesting the completion of a secondary course
Tischler Germany All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition Diploma (post-secondary education), including Annex II (ex 92/51, Annex C,D)
Tischler; Modellbauer; Bootbauer; Binder; Drechsler; Bildhauer (verbundenes Handwerk) Austria All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition
Titolare di istituto di investigazioni private o informazioni commerciali Italy All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition Diploma of post-secondary level (3-4 years)
Titolare di istituto di vigilanza privata Italy All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition Certificate attesting the completion of a secondary course
Tlmočník Slovakia All regions General system of recognition - primary application Not applicable
Toezichthoudend stralingsdeskundige Netherlands All regions General system of recognition - primary application Diploma of post-secondary level (3-4 years)
Togelektriker Norway All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition Certificate attesting the completion of a secondary course
Toimitusinsinööri/Förrättningsingenjör Finland All regions General system of recognition - primary application Diploma of post-secondary level (3-4 years)
Toiture et étanchéité/Dakdekker- en waterdichtmakingsactiviteiten Belgium All regions Recognition of professional experience Annex IV - automatic recognition
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals, contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.