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Decision types for establishment

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What are decisions?

Decisions on establishment are those taken by host countries on professionals who obtained professional qualifications in one country and apply for recognition in another country within the EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland to practise there on a permanent basis.

What types of decision are taken?

A "Positive" decision means that the person receives authorisation to practise the profession. Positive decisions can be granted either automatically or after successful completion of compensatory measures.

A "negative" decision means that access to the regulated profession has been refused.

The table below displays the full list of the different types of decisions that can be taken.

Types of decision Description + -
Positive Automatic Sectoral Professions Automatic recognition according to Title III, Chapter III of Directive 2005/36/EC (coordination of minimum training conditions). Only for professions listed in Annex V of Directive 2005/36/EC. Y
Automatic recognition of professional experience ('crafts') Automatic recognition according to Title III, Chapter II of Directive 2005/36/EC (the actual and lawful pursuit of the profession concerned in a Member State). Only for professions listed in Annex IV of Directive 2005/36/EC ("crafts"). Y
Positive Automatic General System (no compensation measures imposed) Automatic recognition according to Title III, Chapter I of Directive 2005/36/EC (General System). Any general system profession with automatic recognition (no compensation measures imposed). Or for application of general system for sectoral professions or crafts not eligible for automatic recognition under Title III, Chapter III or Title III, Chapter II of Directive 2005/36/EC. Y
Positive after aptitude test (general system) Recognition according to Title III, Chapter I, Article 14 of Directive 2005/36/EC (General System - compensation measures). Positive after a test limited to the professional knowledge of the applicant, made by the competent authorities of the host Member State with the aim of assessing the ability of the applicant to pursue a regulated profession in that Member State. Any general system profession. Or for application of general system for sectoral professions or crafts not eligible for automatic recognition. Y
Positive after adaptation period (general system) Recognition according to Title III, Chapter I, Article 14 of Directive 2005/36/EC (General System - compensation measures). Positive after the pursuit of a regulated profession in the host Member State under the responsibility of a qualified member of that profession, such period of supervised practice possibly being accompanied by further training. Any general system profession. Or for application of general system for sectoral professions or crafts not eligible for automatic recognition. Y
Negative Automatic Sectoral professions Negative automatic sectoral professions. Title III, Chapter III of Directive 2005/36/EC (coordination of minimum training conditions). For professions listed in Annex V of Directive 2005/36/EC. Y
Negative Automatic General System and professional experience ('crafts') Negative automatic for general system professions and professional experience ('crafts'). Y
Negative after aptitude test (general system) Negative after a test limited to the professional knowledge of the applicant, made by the competent authorities of the host member state with the aim of assessing the ability of the applicant to pursue a reglated profession in that member state. Title III, Chapter 1, Article 14 of Directive 2005/36/EC (General System - compensation measures). General system professions. Or for application of general system for sectoral professions or "crafts" not eligible for automatic recognition. Y
Negative after adaptation period (general system) Negative after the pursuit of a regulated profession in the host Member State under the responsibility of a qualified member of that profession, such period of supervised practice possibly being accompanied by further training. Title III, Chapter I, Article 14 of Directive 2005/36/EC (General System - compensation measures). Any general system profession. Or for application of general system for sectoral professions or crafts not eligible for automatic recognition. Y
Appeal Appeal under Article 51 (3) of Directive 2005/36/EC.
Undergoing adaptation period Title I, Article 3(g): g): The pursuit of a regulated profession in the host Member State under the responsibility of a qualified member of that profession, such period of supervised practice possibly being accompanied by further training.
Being examined All cases where no final decision has been taken for whatever reason by competent authorities.
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals, contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.