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Legal Protection of conditional access services

Directive 98/84/ECC 

Directive 98/84/EC on the legal protection of conditional access services aims to provide a minimum level of equivalent protection within the EU of electronic pay-services against piracy by prohibiting all commercial manufacturing, distribution and marketing activities related to pirate smart cards and other devices circumventing the access protection of pay-TV, radio and internet services.

EEA Decision

  • Decision of the EEA Joint Committee Nr 17/2001 of 28 February 2001 amending Annexes X (Audiovisual services) and XI (Telecommunication services) to the EEA Agreement, in all languages

National Implementation of Directive 98/84/EC

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Reports on the functioning of Directive 98/84/EC

Article 7 of the Directive provides that, not later than three years after the entry into force of the Directive, and every two years thereafter, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament, the Council and the Economic and Social Committee concerning the implementation of the Directive.


Study on the economic potential of cross-border pay-to-view audiovisual media services

TNS opinion, Plum, the futures company - Study prepared on behalf of the European Commission – January 2012

Study on the impact of the Conditional Access Directive

KEA and CERNA – Study prepared on behalf of the European Commission – December 2007

Expert group on conditional access

On 30 September 2008, the Commission decided to set up a group in which Member State experts would exchange information and good practice for national administrations and discuss any problems that arise in relation to conditional access.

Public consultation   

On February 2008 the Commission launched a vast consultation on services protected by conditional-access systems