Online gambling in the EU is characterised by a diversity of regulatory frameworks. Some Member States have monopolistic regimes run either by a public or a private operator on the basis of an exclusive right. Others have established licensing systems for more than one operator. At the same time, operators licensed in one or more Member States offer gambling services in other Member States without the authorisation required in those countries.
While an ever increasing number of Member States is undertaking a review of their national regulatory frameworks, the prevailing regulatory, societal and technical issues in the EU cannot be undertaken adequately by Member States individually.
The work of the European Commission in this area focuses on:
- compliance of national regulatory frameworks with EU law;
- enhancing administrative cooperation and efficient enforcement;
- protecting consumers and citizens, minors and vulnerable groups;
- preventing fraud and money laundering;
- safeguarding the integrity of sports and preventing match-fixing.