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European Neighbourhood Policy

The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was developed in the context of the EU’s 2004 enlargement, with the objective of avoiding the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and our neighbours.

The EU offers our neighbours a privileged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values (democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development). The ENP goes beyond existing relationships to offer a deeper political relationship and economic integration. The ENP is not about enlargement and does not offer an accession perspective.

Originally, the ENP was intended to apply to our immediate neighbours – Algeria, Belarus, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia and Ukraine. Later it was extended to also include the countries of the Southern Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia). Although Russia is also a neighbour of the EU, our relations are instead developed through a strategic partnership covering the four “common spaces”.

Specific bilateral action plans have already been developed for most of the ENP countries. These documents are negotiated with and tailor-made for each country, based on the country’s needs and capacities, as well as their and the EU’s interests. They jointly define an agenda of political and economic reforms by means of short and medium-term (1-5 years) priorities.

As far as the policies of the Internal Market are concerned the action plans include measures to improve the respective regulatory systems on issues such as intellectual and industrial property rights, services and financial services, public procurement, free movement of capital, the right of establishment and company law.

To know more see the European Neighbourhood Policy official website.