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Orphan works

Directive 2012/28/EU

of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works

Directive 2012/28/EU sets out common rules on the digitisation and online display of so-called orphan works. Orphan works are works like books, newspaper and magazine articles and films that are still protected by copyright but whose authors or other rightholders are not known or cannot be located or contacted to obtain copyright permissions. Orphan works are part of the collections held by European libraries that might remain untouched without common rules to make their digitisation and online display legally possible.

Public consultations and hearings

Public Hearing on Orphan Works (26.10.2009)

The aim of this hearing was to gather further evidence on orphan works and how their digitisation and dissemination can best be managed in full respect of copyright rules. This hearing was a follow-up to the Green Paper on Copyright in the Knowledge Economypdf Choose translations of the previous link  (COM(2008) 466/3).

Information hearing on the “Google Book Settlement Agreement” (07.09.2009)

On September 7, 2009, the European Commission organised a hearing on the effect of the Google Book US Settlement Agreement in the European Union.

  • More information
  • “It is time for Europe to turn over a new e-leaf on digital books and copyright” (MEMO/09/376 Choose translations of the previous link )
    Joint Statement of EU Commissioners Reding and McCreevy on the occasion the information hearing.