Reports and studies :: Nano-scale devices and systems report
16 December 2013
The session was opened by the moderator Thierry Debuisschert from Thales Research & Technology, France. He gave a brief overview of the topic of atomic and molecular scale devices and systems and introduced the speakers.
The first speaker was Andrea Ferrari from Oxford University, UK. As a representative from the GRAPHENE Flagship, Prof Ferrari presented the graphene. Graphene is a material, composed of pure carbon, with atoms arranged in a plane in a regular hexagonal pattern. It has mechanical, thermal, electronic, and optical properties, which are quite extraordinary, and thus graphene has the potential to be one of the main building materials in the ICT of the future.
The next speaker was Rosaria Rinaldi from the University of Salento in Lecce, Italy. She presented a talk on the possibilities for computers to rely on various ideas coming from biological world. On the one hand, natural materials (e.g. specific molecules) can be used for the process of computation. On the other, nature can inspire the development of novel problem-solving techniques.
Artur Ekert from University of Oxford, UK and the Centre for Quantum Technologies, Singapore, talked about the possibilities to use various nano-scale quantum phenomena in ICT. Quantum computation uses various quantum properties of matter in order to represent data and perform operations on these data. It is expected that large-scale quantum computers will be able to solve certain problems much faster than any classical compute
The last speaker was André Gourdon from CEMES, France. He presented some resent advances in building tools with which to detect, measure, manipulate, and map single atoms, single molecules, and single spins. He also discussed issues with fabrication of devices in ultra-clean conditions with sub-nm precision.
There were several questions from the audience and from the moderator. Most of the questions concerned the prospects for advances in quantum information, including the resent interest in the announcement for the building of a quantum simulator by a private company.