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Do I need a long-stay visa?

If you wish to travel to an EU country for more than three months, you may need a long-stay visa and/or a residence permit. In some countries, you will need both a long-stay visa and a residence/work permit.

You must submit your application for a long-stay visa to the relevant authorities of the country where you want to go. To find out more about getting a long-stay visa, select the country from the map below or use the search tool on the left hand-side of the page.
 
Do I have to send in supporting documents when I apply for a long-stay visa?

Yes. The exact type of documents that are required will depend on the purpose of your stay and the rules in your destination country. In most EU countries you will need to show some or all of the following:
  • A travel document;
  • Documents proving the purpose of the intended stay (e.g. work permit, school enrolment etc.)
  • Proof of financial resources;
  • Travel insurance;
  • A medical certificate;
  • Your police record.
You may also need to have these documents certified by your government authorities and/or translated by authorised translators.

To find out more about the documents you need to send in, select the country from the map below or use the search tool.

If I have a long-stay visa, do I also need a residence permit?

Even if you have obtained a long-stay visa from an EU country, you may also need a residence and/or a work permit to stay in this country. The rules can be different depending on the country you come from, how long you plan to stay and the rules in your destination country. If you arrive as a highly-qualified worker (with an EU Blue Card), as a student, as a researcher or as a family member, you should get a residence permit once you enter an EU country. For information on the rules that apply to you, select your destination country on this map or use the search tool on the left hand-side of the page.

I have been issued a long-stay visa by one EU country. Can I travel to other EU countries?

If you hold a long-stay visa or a residence permit from one of the 22 EU countries that are in the Schengen area, you can move freely in this area for up 3 months during a six-month period of time on the basis of your long-stay visa or residence permit and a valid travel document.

Bulgaria, Romania, Cyprus, Ireland and the UK are outside the borderless Schengen area.

If you hold a long-stay visa or a residence permit from one of these 5 countries and wish to travel to a Schengen area country, you will generally need to apply for a Schengen visa. To travel to one of these countries from a Schengen area country, you may need a separate national visa.

Further Information

For more information on getting a long-stay visa, select the country from the map below or use the search tool on the left hand-side of the page.

More on moving between EU countries
Long-stay visa map:
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