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Glossary - I


 

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I

ICC
International Chamber of Commerce. ICC is the world business organization, the only representative body that speaks with authority on behalf of enterprises from all sectors in every part of the world. ICC promotes an open international trade and investment system and the market economy. Because its member companies and associations are themselves engaged in international business, ICC has authority in making rules that govern the conduct of business across borders. Although these rules are voluntary, they are observed in thousands of transactions every day and have become part of the fabric of international trade. ICC also provides essential services, foremost among them the ICC International Court of Arbitration, the world's leading arbitral institution.

IDA
Interchange of Data between Administrations. IDA is a European Commission driven strategic initiative using advances in information and communications technology to support rapid electronic exchange of information between Member State administrations. The objective is to improve Community decision-making, facilitate operation of the internal market and accelerate policy implementation. Its mission is to co-ordinate the establishment of trans-European telematic networks by:
Promoting implementation of sectoral networks in priority areas
Developing network interoperability measures
Extending network benefits to EU industry and citizens
Co-operating with Member States authorities and Community services
Promoting convergence towards a common telematic interface.

Initially, IDA helped set up infrastructure, establish common formats and integrate new ICT based business processes. It is now improving network services, tools, security and interoperability, opening IDA to more sectoral areas, and very soon, the EEA and EU applicant countries.

IETF
Internet Engineering Task Force

IMPLEMENTATION
the mechanism that (supposedly) realises the specified design

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES - ICT
The application of computer science to ways of organising and storing information and facilitating its transfer amongst users.

INFOSOC
DG Information Society, the Directorate General of the European Commission which houses the Information Society Programme.

INFORMATION SYSTEM
A discrete set of information resources organized for the collection, processing, maintenance, transmission, and dissemination of information in accordance with defined procedures, whether automated or manual.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Any equipment or interconnected system or subsystems or equipment used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information.

INTEGRATED PRODUCT
a product designed to provide the user a capability useful in its own right (e.g. word processing) and integrated with encryption capabilities that a user may or may not employ; a product in which the cryptographic capability is fully integrated with the other functionality of the product.

INTEGRITY
the property that an object meets an established set of expectations. One example of integrity is that changes must be accomplished in a specified and authorised manner. Data integrity, program integrity, system integrity and network integrity are all relevant to consideration of computer and system security.

INTERACTION
A two-way exchange of information or transaction.

INTERACTIVITY
The extent to which someone can provide information to an organisation's Web site, as well as receiving information from it.

INTERCEPTOR
a party eavesdropping on communications

INTERNAL MARKET
DG Internal Market, the Directorate General of the European Commission which is one of the essential cornerstones of the European Union. The internal market is the culmination of the Treaty of Rome which provided for the creation of a "common market" based on the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital.
Reflecting the construction of Europe in the broadest sense of the term, the idea of unifying the markets ties in with the objective of economic and political integration. The Treaty establishing the European Community (the EC Treaty) provides for the activities of the Community to include "a system ensuring that competition in the internal market is not distorted" and "the approximation of the laws of Member States to the extent required for the functioning of the common market". In addition, the accompanying policies, such as environmental protection and social policy, play important roles in the functioning of the internal market.

INTERNET PROTOCOL - IP
The rules governing how computers on the Internet communicate and share information.

INTRANETS
A network linking computers within a given organisation, which is closed to outsiders. Its structure and user interface are based on those of the Internet.

ISO
International Standards Organisation

ITU
International Telecommunications Union