Vaccination – making people immune to diseases caused by viruses or bacteria – is unquestionably one of the most cost-effective public health measures available. Wide-spread vaccination has eradicated smallpox and made Europe polio-free.

National level

All EU countries recommend vaccination against serious, sometimes life-threatening diseases. However, some vaccines remain undervalued and under-utilised.

EU level

To support EU countries in maintaining or increasing rates of vaccination against vaccine-preventable diseases, the EU Commission is:

 The EU Commission also helped EU countries develop a vaccination strategy against pandemic H1N1 influenzapdf(183 KB) (widely known as "swine flu")