Implementation and financing

The European Union's public health strategy is implemented through:

  • legislation
  • financial instruments
  • EU-wide cooperation.

Legislation

The EU can adopt health legislation under the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union: Article 168pdf (protection of public health), Article 114 (approximation of laws) and Article 153 (social policy). Areas where the EU has legislated include:

The European Council can also address recommendations on public health to the member countries.

Financial instruments available to co-fund concrete actions

Cooperation

EU institutions, member countries, regional and local authorities and other stakeholders all contribute to the implementation of the health strategy.