Table 4: Physiological changes in the elderly

(Crome 2003, Hilmer 2008, Litovitz et al. 1998)

  • Decrease in total body mass
  • Change in body composition (decreased proportion of body water, increased proportion of body fat)
  • Small reduction in serum albumin
  • Decreased liver blood flow, size and hepatic clearance
  • Decreased renal function
  • Diminished skin mucous membrane, gastrointestinal barriers,
  • Diminished organ function,
  • Depressed immune function
  • Reduced olfactory and gustatory perception

Source: SCCS,  Opinion on the potential health risks posed by chemical consumer products resembling food and/or having child-appealing properties, (2011),
Annex III, p.40