Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety
This opinion focuses on the risks associated with ultraviolet radiation (UVR) in general and with sunbeds in particular.
Based on the available scientific evidence, the SCENIHR concludes that UV is a complete carcinogen, both an initiator, and a promoter. There is strong evidence that sunbed exposure causes skin melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma and, to a lesser extent, basal cell carcinoma, more especially when first exposure takes place in younger ages. There is moderate evidence that sunbed exposure may also cause ocular melanoma. Sunbed use is responsible for a noticeable proportion of both melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers and for a large fraction of melanomas arising before the age of 30. The small potentially beneficial effects of sunbed use are more than outweighed by the many severe adverse effects. There is no need to use sunbeds to induce Vitamin D. On contrary, UV overexposure may even reduce the vitamin D level.
Because of evidence of the carcinogenic effects of sunbed exposure and of the nature of skin cancer induction (there are no indications for threshold levels of UV-irradiance and UV–dose), there is no safe limit for UV irradiance from sunbeds.
In line with the Stakeholder Dialogue Procedures (Annex IV to the Rules of Procedures of the Scientific Committees), Scientific Committees are now seeking feedback from the scientific community and stakeholders on this preliminary opinion.
All interested parties are invited to submit written comments on the preliminary opinion by 27 April 2016 in view of gathering specific comments, suggestions, explanations or contributions on the scientific basis of the opinion, as well as any other scientific information regarding the questions addressed, to enable Scientific Committees to focus on issues that need to be further investigated.
The electronic template provided with the documents should be used exclusively for the submission of comments, with reference made to the line and page numbers. Please note that comments submitted by email or post cannot be taken into account.
As stated in the Rules of Procedures (Annex IV), a submission will not be considered if it is:
- submitted after the deadline stated in the call;
- presented in any form other than what is provided for in the instructions and template;
- not related to the contents of the document;
- contains complaints against institutions, personal accusations, irrelevant or offensive statements or material;
- is related to policy or risk management aspects, which is outside the scope of Scientific Committees’ activities.
The Scientific Committees will assess all comments from interested parties which are submitted in line with the criteria above and will take them into consideration if they are found relevant.
The European Commission reserves the right to publish all comments received on the Scientific Committees' website. Please read the Privacy statement before submitting comments.
A public hearing aiming to complement the public consultation to gather specific comments, suggestions and explanations or contributions on the scientific basis of the Opinion will take place on 12 April 2016 in Luxembourg. You can register on this page.