Key Indicators on Drug addiction
Improving the comparability of data across the Member States is a central task of the EMCDDA. The EMCDDA develops and recommends new methods and instruments in order to collect and analyse harmonised, good quality data at European level. The EU Action Plan on Drugs 2005-2008 calls for Member States to provide reliable and comparable information on five key epidemiological indicators according to the EMCDDA's recommended technical tools and guidelines. The EMCDDA five key indicators are:
- prevalence and patterns of drug use among the general population (population surveys);
- prevalence and patterns of problem drug use (statistical prevalence/incidence estimates and surveys among drug users);
- drug-related infectious diseases (prevalence and incidence rates of HIV, hepatitis B and C in injecting drug users);
- drug-related deaths and mortality of drug users (general population mortality special registers statistics, and mortality cohort studies among drug users);
- demand for drug treatment (statistics from drug treatment centres on clients starting treatment).