Health indicators are sets of data (tables, graphs, maps) on health status, determinants and care in EU member countries. They allow for monitoring and comparison, and serve as a basis for policymaking.
European Core Health Indicators (ECHI)
Types of health indicator
Out of a complete list of 88 European Core Health Indicators, there are over 50 health indicators for which data is readily available and reasonably comparable. They are grouped under the following headings. Where appropriate, figures are given by gender and age as well as by socio-economic status and regional level.
|Demographic and socio-economic situation||Population, birth rate, total unemployment|
|Health status||Infant mortality, HIV/AIDS, road traffic injuries|
|Health determinants||Regular smokers, consumption/availability of fruit|
|Health interventions: health services||Vaccination of children, hospital beds, health expenditure|
|Health interventions: health promotion||Policies on healthy nutrition|
ECHI data tool
The ECHI data tool provides data on European health indicators. Data can be presented in different layouts: line chart, bar chart, map or table. It can be converted into an image or downloaded as a data file.
- Expert Group on Health Information (EGHI)
- Council conclusions of 10 December 2013 on the ‘Reflection process on modern, responsive and sustainable health systems’
- Evaluation of the use and impact of the European Community Health Indicators ECHI by Member States (August 2013)