Medicinal products for human use
Orphan medicinal products
Orphan Medicinal Products
Latest Orphan Medicinal Products
Latest Orphan Designations
Patients suffering from rare diseases deserve access to the same quality of medicinal products as other patients within the European Union.
Since only a very small number of the population is affected by these diseases, the pharmaceutical industry has been reluctant in the past to invest in the research and development of medicinal products to treat them.
In response to this situation and in order to stimulate the research and development of orphan drugs, in 2000 the EU introduced new legislation with the aim of providing incentives for the development of orphan and other medicinal products for rare disorders.
The EU Regulation on orphan medicinal products ( Regulation (EC) No 141/2000 ) establishes a centralised procedure for the designation of orphan medicinal products and puts in place incentives for the research, marketing and development of orphan medicinal products.
Today companies with an orphan designation for a medicinal product benefit from incentives such as fee waivers, a 10 year market exclusivity period post authorisation for designated products; scientific assistance for marketing authorisations, and the possibility of a Community marketing authorisation.
The Regulation also sets up a Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP), which is responsible for the scientific examination of applications leading to the designation of an Orphan Medicinal Product.
In 2006 the Commission published a report on the experience acquired as a result of the application of the new EU Orphan Regulation , taking account of the public health benefits acquired. The report revealed that the number of orphan medicinal products authorised has increased each year since the entry into force of the Regulation and is expected to increase considerably in the years to come.
The complete listing of orphan medicinal products adopted in the EU can be found in the Community Register.
More detailed rules and guidelines are provided in Commission Regulation (EC) No 847/2000 laying down implementing rules and setting out definitions essential for the application of the Regulation on orphan medicinal products.
There are also a number of guidelines further specifying various aspects of EU orphan medicines legislation, in particular :