Case Law

This page contains judgements of the European Court of Justice of particular interest for the Pharmaceutical Sector.

Directive 65/65 - Definition of Medicinal Products

  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 7 December 1993.
    Pierrel SpA and others v Ministero della Sanita
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Consiglio di Stato - Italy.
    Directive on medicinal products - Marketing authorization - Lapse.
    Case C-83/92.
  • Judgment of the Court of 20 May 1992.
    Commission of the European Communities v Federal Republic of Germany.
    Interpretation of Articles 30 and 36 of the EEC Treaty - Eye lotions - Concept of "medicinal product" - Cosmetic products.
    Case C-290/90.
  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 16 April 1991.
    Upjohn Company and Upjohn NV v Farzoo Inc. and J. Kortmann.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hoge Raad - Netherlands.
    Concepts of "medicinal product" and "cosmetic product".
    Case C-112/89.
  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 21 March 1991.
    Criminal proceedings against Jean Monteil and Daniel Samanni.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Cour d'appel d'Aix-en-Provence - France.
    Interpretation of Articles 30 and 36 of the EEC Treaty - Concepts of "disease" or "illness" and "medicinal products" - Pharmacists' monopoly of the right to sell certain products.
    Case C-60/89.
  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 21 March 1991.
    Criminal proceedings against Jean-Marie Delattre.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Tribunal de grande instance de Nice - France.
    Interpretation of Articles 30 and 36 of the EEC Treaty - Concepts of "disease" or "illness" and "medicinal product" - Pharmacists' monopoly of the right to sell certain products.
    Case C-369/88.
  • Judgment of the Court of 7 February 1984.
    Duphar BV and others v The Netherlands State.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Arrondissementsrechtbank 's-Gravenhage - Netherlands.
    Health-care scheme - Compatibility with the Treaty of restrictions on access to certain medicinal preparations.
    Case 238/82.
  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 30 November 1983.
    Criminal proceedings against Leendert van Bennekom.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Arrondissements rechtbank Amsterdam - Netherlands.
    Concept of "Medicinal products" - "Medicinal preparations".
    Case 227/82.

Abridged application procedures

  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 3 December 1998.
    The Licensing Authority established by the Medicines Act 1968 (acting by The Medecines Control Agency), ex parte Generics (UK) Limited
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: High Court of Justice, Queen' s Bench Division - United Kingdom.
    Medicinal products Marketing authorisation - Abridged procedures Essentially similar products
    Case C-368/96.
  • Judgment of the Court (Sixth Chamber) of 5 October 1995.pdf(119 KB)
    The Queen v licensing authority of the Department of Health and Norgine Ltd, ex parte Scotia Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: High Court of Justice, Queen' s Bench Division - United Kingdom.
    Medicinal product - Placing on the market - Abridged procedure.
    Case C-440/93pdf(119 KB).

Parallel imports

Trade marks cases

  • Judgment of the Court of 12 November 1996.
    The Queen v The Medicines Control Agency, ex parte Smith & Nephew Pharmaceuticals Ltd and Primecrown Ltd v The Medicine Control Agency.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: High Court of Justice, Queen's Bench Divisions United Kingdom.
    Proprietary medicinal products - Parallel imports - Direct effect of Directive 65/65/EEC - Marketing authorization.
    Case C-201/94.
  • Judgment of the Court of 22 June 1994.
    IHT Internationale Heiztechnik GmbH and Uwe Danzinger v Ideal-Standard GmbH and Wabco Standard GmbH.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Oberlandesgericht Dusseldorf - Germany.
    Splitting of a trade mark as a result of a voluntary assignment - Free movement of goods.
    Case C-9/93.
  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 1 July 1993.
    Eurim-Pharm GmbH v Bundesgesundheitsamt.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Verwaltungsgericht Berlin - Germany.
    Free-trade agreement - Parallel imports of pharmaceutical products - Quantitative restriction on imports - Measure having equivalent effect.
    Case C-207/91.
  • Judgment of the Court of 18 May 1989.
    The Queen v Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, ex parte Association of Pharmaceutical Importers and others.
    References for a preliminary ruling: Court of Appeal - United Kingdom.
    Pharmaceutical products - Parallel imports - Measures having equivalent effect - Protection of public health - Trade-mark law.
    Joined cases 266 and 267/87.
  • Judgment of the Court of 14 July 1981.
    Merck & Co. Inc. v Stephar BV and Petrus Stephanus Exler.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Arrondissementsrechtbank Rotterdam - Netherlands.
    Patents - Pharmaceutical products.
    Case 187/80.
  • Judgment of the Court of 10 October 1978.
    Centrafarm BV v American Home Products Corporation.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Arrondissementsrechtbank Rotterdam - Netherlands.
    Serenid - Seresta.
    Case 3/78
  • Judgment of the Court of 20 May 1976.
    Adriaan de Peijper, Managing Director of Centrafarm BV.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Kantongerecht Rotterdam - Netherlands.
    Case 104-75.
  • Judgment of the Court of 31 October 1974.
    Centrafarm BV et Adriaan de Peijper v Sterling Drug Inc.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hoge Raad - Netherlands.
    Parallel patents.
    Case 15-74.

Repackaging of trade-marked products

  • Judgment of the Court of 11 July 1996.
    MPA Pharma GmbH v Rhône-Poulenc Pharma GmbH.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Oberlandesgericht Köln - Germany.
    Repackaging of trade-marked products - Article 36 of the EC Treaty.
    Case C-232/94.
  • Judgment of the Court of 11 July 1996.
    Bristol-Myers Squibb v Paranova A/S (C-427/93) and C. H. Boehringer Sohn, Boehringer Ingelheim KG and Boehringer Ingelheim A/S v Paranova A/S (C-429/93) and Bayer Aktiengesellschaft and Bayer Danmark A/S v Paranova A/S (C-436/93).
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: S"?"?- og Handelsretten - Denmark.
    Directive 89/104/EEC to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks - Article 36 of the EC Treaty - Repackaging of trade-marked products.
    Joined cases C-427/93, C-429/93 and C-436/93.
  • Judgment of the Court of 11 July 1996.
    Eurim-Pharm Arzneimittel GmbH v Beiersdorf AG (C-71/94), Boehringer Ingelheim KG (C-72/94) and Farmitalia Carlo Erba GmbH (C-73/94).
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Bundesgerichtshof - Germany.
    Repackaging of trade-marked products - Article 36 of the EC Treaty.
    Joined cases C-71/94, C-72/94 and C-73/94.
  • Judgment of the Court of 23 May 1978.
    Hoffmann-La Roche & Co. AG v Centrafarm Vertriebsgesellschaft Pharmazeutischer
    Erzeugnisse mbH.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Landgericht Freiburg - Germany.
    Re-packaging of trade-marked goods.
    Case 102/77.

Patents

  • Judgment of the Court of 9 July 1997.
    Generics BV v Smith Kline & French Laboratories Ltd.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hoge Raad - Netherlands.
    Articles 30 and 36 of the EC Treaty - Patent - Registration of medicinal products - Infringement.
    Case C-316/95.
  • Judgment of the Court of 5 December 1996.
    Merck & Co. Inc., Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd and Merck Sharp & Dohme International Services BV v Primecrown Ltd, Ketan Himatlal Mehta, Bharat Himatlal Mehta and Necessity Supplies Ltd and Beecham Group plc v Europharm of Worthing Ltd.
    References for a preliminary ruling: High Court of Justice, Chancery Divisions United Kingdom.
    Act of Accession of Spain and Portugal - Interpretation of Articles 47 and 209 - End of transitional period - Articles 30 and 36 of the EC Treaty - Parallel imports of unpatentable pharmaceuticals.
    Joined cases C-267/95 and C-268/95.
  • Judgment of the Court of 27 October 1992.
    Generics (UK) Ltd and Harris Pharmaceuticals Ltd v Smith Kline & French Laboratories Ltd.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Court of appeal (England) - United Kingdom. Patents - Compulsory licences - Articles 30 and 36 of the EEC Treaty.
    Case C-191/90.
  • Judgment of the Court of 3 March 1988.
    Allen and Hanburys Ltd v Generics (UK) Ltd.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: House of Lords - United Kingdom.
    Industrial and commercial property - Patents endorsed 'Licences of right' - Scope of protection - Compulsory licence under a patent.
    Case 434/85.
  • Judgment of the Court of 9 July 1985.
    Pharmon BV v Hoechst AG.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hoge Raad - Netherlands.
    Industrial and commercial property - Patents - Extent of protection - Exhaustion of patent rights where a compulsory licence has been granted in respect of a parallel patent.
    Case 19/84.

Transparency directive (89/105/EEC)

  • Judgment of the Court of 28 April 1998.
    Raymond Kohll v Union des caisses de maladie.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Cour de cassation - Grand Duchy of Luxemburg.
    Freedom to provide services - Reimbursement of medical expenses incurred in another Member State - Prior authorisation of the competent institution - Public health' Dental treatment.
    Case C-158/96.
  • Judgment of the Court of 28 April 1998.
    Nicolas Decker v Caisse de maladie des employés privés.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Conseil arbitral des assurances sociales - Grand Duchy of Luxemburg.
    Free movement of goods - Articles 30 and 36 of the EC Treaty - Reimbursement of medical expenses incurred in another Member State - Prior authorisation of the competent institution - Purchase of spectacles.
    Case C-120/95.
  • Judgment of the Court of 19 March 1991.
    Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Belgium.
    Article 30 of the EEC Treaty - National legislation on the price of pharmaceutical products - System of programme contracts.
    Case C-249/88.
  • Judgment of the Court of 9 June 1988.
    Commission of the European Communities v Italian Republic.
    National rules governing the prices of pharmaceutical products.
    Case 56/87.
  • Judgment of the Court of 29 November 1983.
    Roussel Laboratoria BV and others v Etat néerlandais.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Arrondissementsrechtbank 's-Gravenhage - Netherlands.
    Regulation of prices for imported medicines.
    Case 181/82.

Advertising (92/28/EEC)

  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 10 November 1994.
    Lucien Ortscheit GmbH v Eurim-Pharm Arzneimittel GmbH.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Landgericht Saarbr"?"+cken - Germany.
    Importation of medicines not agreed by the importing State - Prohibition of advertising - Articles 30 and 36 of the Treaty.
    Case C-320/93.

General category

  • Judgment of the Court (Sixth Chamber) of 23 January 1997.
    Biogen Inc. v Smithkline Beecham Biologicals SA.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Tribunal de commerce de Nivelles - Belgium.
    Council Regulation (EEC) No 1768/92 - Supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products - Refusal by the holder of the marketing authorization to provide a copy to the applicant for the certificate.
    Case C-181/95
  • Judgment of the Court of 8 June 1993.
    Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Belgium.
    Failure of a Member State to fulfil its obligations - Sterile medical supplies - Obligation to carry out examinations which have already been performed in the Member State of origin.
    Case C-373/92.
  • Judgment of the Court of 8 April 1992.
    Commission of the European Communities v Federal Republic of Germany.
    Free movement of goods - Derogations - Protection of public health - Importation of medicinal products y private individuals - Limits.
    Case C-62/90.
  • Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 16 April 1991.
    Freistaat Bayern v Eurim-Pharm GmbH.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Bundesverwaltungsgericht - Germany.
    Interpretation of Articles 30 and 36 of the EEC Treaty - Importation of medicinal products.
    Case C-347/89.
  • Judgment of the Court (Third Chamber) of 7 March 1989.
    Heinz Schumacher v Hauptzollamt Frankfurt am Main-Ost.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Hessisches Finanzgericht - Germany.
    Importation of medicinal preparations - Compatibility with Articles 30 and 36 of the EEC Treaty.
    Case 215/87.
  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 27 May 1986.
    Société coopérative des laboratoires de pharmacie Legia and Louis Gyselinx et fils Cophalux v Minister for Health.
    References for a preliminary ruling: Conseil d'Etat - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
    Rules governing the importation and marketing of medicinal products.
    Joined cases 87 and 88/85.
  • Judgment of the Court of 28 February 1984.
    Commission of the European Communities v Federal Republic of Germany.
    Pharmaceutical products - Conditions for placing on the market.
    Case 247/81.

Tariff

  • Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 15 May 1997.
    Bioforce GmbH v Oberfinanzdirektion München.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Finanzgericht München - Germany.
    Common customs tariff - Heading 3004 - Echinacea - Medicament.
    Case C-405/95.

Veterinary medicinal products

Directives 81/851/EEC and 81/852/EEC

  • Judgment of the Court (Fifth Chamber) of 2 April 1998.
    Norbrook Laboratories Ltd v Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Court of Appeal (Northern Ireland) - United Kingdom.
    Directives 81/851/EEC and 81/852/EEC - Veterinary medicinal products - Marketing authorisation.
    Case C-127/95.
  • Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 21 March 1996.
    Dominique Bruyère and others v Belgian State.
    Reference for a preliminary ruling: Conseil d' Etat - Belgium.
    Veterinary medicinal products - Directives 81/851/EEC and 90/676/EEC.
    Case C-297/94.

Council Regulation No 2377/90 (Maximum Residue Limits)

  • Judgment of the Court of First Instance (Third Chamber) of 17 February 1998.
    Pharos SA v Commission of the European Communities.
    Regulation (EEC) No 2377/90 - Inclusion of somatosalm in the list of substances not subject to maximum residue limits - Action for failure to act - Action for damages.
    Case T-105/96.

Judgements of EFTA court

  • Judgment of EFTA Court of 24 November 1998.
    The Norwegian Government, represented by the Royal Ministry of Social Affairs and Health against Astra Norge AS.
    Free movement of goods Copyright Disguised restriction on trade
    Case E-1/98.
  • Judgment of EFTA Court of 24 November 1998.
    Federation of Icelandic Trade against The Government of Iceland and the Pharmaceutical Pricing Committee.
    Pricing of pharmaceutical products General price decrease Price control system
    Case E-2/98.