Notification Detail

Draft Cabinet of Ministers regulation on the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids in foodstuffs

Notification Number: 2015/510/LV (Latvia)
Date received: 02/09/2015
End of Standstill: 03/12/2015 ( 03/03/2016)

Issue of comments by: Commission,Estonia
Issue of detailed opinion by: Slovakia,Spain
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Message 002

Communication from the Commission - TRIS/(2015) 02770
Directive 98/34/EC
Translation of the message 001
Notification: 2015/0510/LV

No abre el plazo - Nezahajuje odklady - Fristerne indledes ikke - Kein Fristbeginn - Viivituste perioodi ei avata - Καμμία έναρξη προθεσμίας - Does not open the delays - N'ouvre pas de délais - Non fa decorrere la mora - Neietekmē atlikšanu - Atidėjimai nepradedami - Nem nyitja meg a késéseket - Ma’ jiftaħx il-perijodi ta’ dawmien - Geen termijnbegin - Nie otwiera opóźnień - Nao inicia o prazo - Neotvorí oneskorenia - Ne uvaja zamud - Määräaika ei ala tästä - Inleder ingen frist - Не се предвижда период на прекъсване - Nu deschide perioadele de stagnare - Nu deschide perioadele de stagnare.

(MSG: 201502770.EN)

1. Structured Information Line
MSG 002 IND 2015 0510 LV EN 02-09-2015 LV NOTIF



2. Member State
LV


3. Department Responsible
Ekonomikas ministrija, Tālr.:+371 67013268, fakss + 371 67280882, e- pasts:notification@em.gov.lv


3. Originating Department
Veselības ministrija, tālrunis: +371 67876075, Fakss: +371 67876002, e-pasts: vm@vm.gov.lv


4. Notification Number
2015/0510/LV - C50A


5. Title
Draft Cabinet of Ministers regulation on the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids in foodstuffs


6. Products Concerned
The requirements laid down by the draft regulation will apply to foodstuffs containing trans fatty acids created as a result of the following food manufacturing processes: hydrogenation of oils, extraction of oils at high temperatures, frying and heating of foodstuffs in oils, frying and grilling of fatty foodstuffs. The requirements laid down by the draft regulation will not apply to fats of animal origin and foodstuffs where trans fatty acids are found naturally and have not been added during manufacturing processes.


7. Notification Under Another Act
-


8. Main Content
The draft regulation aims to set the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids in foodstuffs, including those in public catering establishments. The requirements laid down by the draft regulation will apply to all foodstuffs which are produced in Latvia, brought in from other EU Member States and third countries, and intended to be placed on the Latvian market as well as in public catering services. It is planned to set the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids to levels similar to those laid down in Austria's regulations which have been in force since 2009. According to the draft regulation, the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids in foodstuffs may not exceed 2 g per 100 g (2 %) of the total fat content. The draft regulation also sets certain requirements for low-fat foodstuffs. For foodstuffs where the total fat content is less than 3 %, the limit may not exceed 10 g per 100 g of the total fat content, and for foodstuffs where the total fat content is between 3 % and 20 %, the limit may not exceed 4 g per 100 g of the total fat content. The draft regulation provides that food manufacturers and public catering establishments will have a two year transition period following the regulation's entry into force. At present, the regulation is scheduled to enter into force on 1 January 2016; however, foodstuffs with trans fatty acids exceeding the maximum permissible limits will be permitted on the Latvian market until 1 January 2018.


9. Brief Statement of Grounds
There are currently no rules and regulations in Latvia limiting trans fatty acids in foodstuffs. At EU level, Members States currently are not required to meet any maximum trans fatty acids limits for foodstuffs. Therefore, each Member State is responsible for setting the permissible levels of trans fatty acids for foodstuffs. So far, three Member States have set the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids in foodstuffs: Denmark (2003), Austria (2009) and Hungary (2013). Within the European region, trans fatty acid limits have also been set in Switzerland (2009), Iceland (2011) and Norway (2014). All of the above-mentioned European countries have similar requirements for limiting trans fatty acids in foodstuffs, i.e. the maximum permissible content of trans fatty acids is set at 2 % (2 g per 100 g of the total fat content). Some countries such as Austria have additional requirements for trans fatty acid limits in low-fat foodstuffs.
The regulation was drafted to improve the dietary habits of the Latvian public and (in the long-term) improve public health indicators, which are among the worst in comparison to other European countries. It is reported that obesity is on the increase in Latvia. There is a relatively high proportion of the population that is overweight and obese (2012) – a total of 49.1 % (2010: 45.1 %) respondents – 52.1 % (44.8 %) of males and 46.4 % (45.4 %) of females. As people get older, there is an increased likelihood of becoming overweight or obese. Obesity in children is also increasing. During an anthropometric study conducted in Latvia during the 2012–2013 school year, it was found that 67 % of seven-year-old pupils were a normal weight, 10.4 % were underweight and 22.5 % were overweight or obese. One of the key risk factors related to the increase in persons who are overweight or obese is unhealthy dietary habits that include the consumption of unbalanced high-fat (including trans fatty acids) foodstuffs. According to the Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (CDPC), the most common cause of death in Latvia in 2012 was cardiovascular disease (54.9 % of all causes of death). The annual mortality rate in Latvia is approximately 16 000 (16 313 in 2012), of which 20 % died at the age of 64 (database of causes of death in Latvia, CDPC). The standardised mortality ratio (for up to 64 years of age) for cardiovascular diseases was three times the EU average and the highest in the Baltic countries. The main reason for the need to limit trans fatty acids in foodstuffs in Latvia, i.e. by setting the maximum permissible limits, is the high incidence of morbidity and mortality related to cardiovascular diseases and the increase in the number of children and adults who are overweight or obese.


10. Reference Documents - Basic Texts
No basic text(s) available.


11. Invocation of the Emergency Procedure
No


12. Grounds for the Emergency
-


13. Confidentiality
No


14. Fiscal measures
No


15. Impact assessment
Yes


16. TBT and SPS aspects
TBT aspect

Yes

SPS aspect

No - the draft is neither a sanitary nor phytosanitary measure.




**********
European Commission

Contact point Directive 98/34
Fax: +32 229 98043
email: grow-dir83-189-central@ec.europa.eu

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