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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 132 27 7 36 152 91 1 47 88 6356 26 44 54 1383 4 65 7 174 44 22 16 205 238 82 241 978 15 127 310 2574 13546
Belgium (BE) 102 5 2 21 56 1 17 11404 675 37 6 83 258 1 2 2013 8 4758 20 83 14 4 1 316 147 1401 8 103 1409 22955
Bulgaria (BG) 278 689 1 791 41 272 59 339 2026 375 3 133 491 1 21 112 82 22 27 13 5 141 314 468 4214 15 528 426 11887
Croatia (HR) 295 41 8 37 1 12 26 83 1 24 124 3 12 1 4 84 7 164 498 1 273 83 1782
Cyprus (CY) 6 3 1 4 11 87 56 1 3 5 3 1 23 17 2 13 879 16 1131
Czech Republic (CZ) 1171 102 65 8 39 68 2 24 119 1502 31 38 206 188 9 1 3 34 48 283 22 10 1864 26 52 339 1839 20 673 463 9249
Denmark (DK) 34 48 9 11 94 74 365 6 4 63 63 6 5 59 2 111 21 11 2 1 1 145 4055 1265 1264 2 15159 116 22996
Estonia (EE) 13 24 3 55 2249 178 126 4 1 40 111 64 17 3 15 3 9 280 1499 4 998 21 5717
Finland (FI) 34 60 7 6 85 49 41 149 1 2 122 40 4 6 4 59 12 1 1 71 2307 1058 12 1759 103 5993
France (FR) 102 8564 19 2 104 59 85 7 82 1249 143 6 184 711 1 3 1600 15 269 115 251 57 11 14 1057 237 3850 39 253 12860 31949
Germany (DE) 14986 1870 171 44 87 498 2644 16 359 1015 1179 90 927 1910 33 18 2133 42 3056 1018 208 61 34 104 1954 2429 7438 187 21 3820 31552 79904
Greece (EL) 96 732 44 15561 16 135 3 65 252 2384 6 132 296 2 3 13 204 21 8 20 9 13 74 1481 10868 20 2 405 795 33660
Hungary (HU) 2823 251 6 2 345 35 316 134 243 2636 33 389 516 3 39 187 11 12 143 394 29 130 1672 4948 18 1801 823 17939
Ireland (IE) 26 80 3 4 9 26 17 77 152 8 5 46 4 1 4 24 98 123 5 5 6 2 370 116 16751 3 1540 44 19549
Italy (IT) 715 2444 34 17 141 103 183 13 82 2858 1907 1506 20 304 4 4 28 254 299 109 144 142 30 211 1917 601 16193 47 2 471 8271 39054
Latvia (LV) 29 56 3 11 6 248 24 65 17 506 1 88 22 22 19 7 8 1 1 9 361 931 26 1017 64 3542
Lithuania (LT) 34 140 2 5 1 458 13 51 39 611 195 108 110 8 42 68 2 1 21 691 1984 81 3680 91 8436
Luxembourg (LU) 13 312 1 1 3 47 159 2 4 21 1 8 1 1 4 9 127 5 8 727
Malta (MT) 2 10 1 2 10 1 3 14 1 73 16 19 1 1 4 23 1059 12 13 1265
Netherlands (NL) 410 8303 1 1 9 60 264 1 55 337 4260 32 5 145 199 4 49 11 97 80 15 2 16 289 669 3250 116 1383 699 20762
Poland (PL) 1102 9314 6 5 63 786 2647 1 136 1002 6716 17 10 1747 716 5 118 17 55 496 25 7 93 15 795 2742 18036 1363 16427 856 65318
Portugal (PT) 40 2143 2 14 126 25 2199 391 2 4 194 160 1 61 8 104 34 4 2 3 1065 262 12066 7 866 1778 21561
Romania (RO) 1039 9358 131 4 435 22 594 96 2996 4732 468 1133 593 6955 2 13 80 212 9 39 16 19 1042 1695 17745 24 1782 1328 52562
Slovakia (SK) 4815 146 8 10 37 8670 109 13 59 1205 17 136 226 157 2 9 33 135 1 3 36 36 212 1841 42 1225 530 19713
Slovenia (SI) 1477 32 1 46 4 11 14 4 93 149 4 4 17 257 8 1 4 2 17 63 325 7 98 121 2759
Spain (ES) 215 2230 31 21 8 23 258 5 246 5370 1924 27 10 582 6243 13 12 137 388 135 1711 45 23 25 1079 32469 47 1410 1144 55831
Sweden (SE) 81 82 2 10 15 3225 8 1194 116 222 53 6 124 92 2 8 13 118 83 9 2 1 2 277 1948 243 31059 205 39200
United Kingdom (UK) 230 486 10 3 5277 216 598 10 403 1325 1411 877 29 16291 1780 16 19 60 169 990 271 149 416 61 14 1471 1179 141 3293 460 37655
Iceland (IS) 4 6 388 4 8 28 2 2 1 1 21 7 9 759 176 2444 18 3878
Liechtenstein (LI) 95 6 2 5 5 20 5 22 6 2 2 3 1 3 4 103 11 5 300
Norway (NO) 15 15 6 1 2 2 959 1 63 37 81 2 19 21 2 1 6 3 68 25 4 1 1 1 102 2292 651 168 58 4607
Switzerland (CH) 313 211 4 11 47 47 24 635 888 14 12 30 906 2 3 3 68 32 37 9 6 16 110 175 608 4 31 87 4333
Total 30589 47893 574 179 23003 10838 14004 156 5630 31013 43014 4921 1579 22999 23818 288 213 6176 1078 11949 2730 2870 1008 2775 1013 11754 26765 166998 3922 185 92908 66918 659760
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.