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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 135 27 16 36 152 91 1 47 79 6506 26 45 57 1814 4 68 9 182 44 22 16 207 238 85 252 1054 18 127 310 2574 14242
Belgium (BE) 102 5 2 21 56 1 17 11664 687 37 6 87 316 1 2 2181 10 5617 20 86 16 4 1 327 162 1557 8 103 1409 24505
Bulgaria (BG) 282 701 2 791 41 272 59 335 2215 375 3 139 682 1 21 116 109 22 28 13 6 141 319 516 4525 15 528 426 12683
Croatia (HR) 293 41 8 37 1 12 26 638 1 64 189 6 22 1 4 84 9 233 603 5 273 83 2633
Cyprus (CY) 6 3 1 4 13 90 56 1 3 6 6 1 23 17 2 14 989 16 1251
Czech Republic (CZ) 1183 106 65 15 39 68 2 24 118 1709 31 38 211 274 9 1 3 35 57 283 22 10 2204 26 54 378 2038 20 673 463 10159
Denmark (DK) 34 50 3 9 11 94 62 365 6 4 67 92 6 5 59 3 116 21 12 2 1 1 145 4452 1374 1275 2 15159 116 23546
Estonia (EE) 14 24 3 55 2249 178 129 4 1 43 115 64 17 4 16 3 9 296 1533 6 998 21 5782
Finland (FI) 34 61 7 6 85 49 38 161 1 2 127 51 4 6 4 70 12 1 1 71 2719 1075 13 1759 103 6460
France (FR) 102 8656 19 6 104 59 85 7 82 1270 143 6 196 837 1 3 1664 19 284 115 271 61 11 14 1076 250 4238 37 253 12860 32729
Germany (DE) 15072 1897 171 54 87 498 2644 16 359 1004 1179 90 960 2215 33 18 2212 46 3231 1018 214 63 38 104 1971 2583 8059 192 21 3820 31552 81421
Greece (EL) 96 744 44 15561 16 136 3 65 245 2528 6 142 360 2 3 18 285 21 8 23 9 13 80 1645 12467 38 2 405 795 35760
Hungary (HU) 2841 256 6 7 345 35 316 134 251 3051 33 487 589 3 46 219 11 12 155 416 29 136 1834 5313 21 1801 823 19170
Ireland (IE) 27 78 3 4 9 26 17 75 155 8 5 60 4 1 4 25 105 123 6 6 6 2 380 125 18258 5 1540 44 21101
Italy (IT) 718 2467 34 40 141 103 183 13 82 2754 2252 1506 20 389 4 4 28 310 368 109 169 159 30 211 1944 643 18229 47 2 471 8271 41701
Latvia (LV) 29 56 3 11 6 248 24 65 17 524 1 94 33 22 21 7 8 1 1 1 9 422 987 28 1017 64 3699
Lithuania (LT) 35 141 2 5 1 458 13 51 36 617 213 130 110 12 42 68 2 1 23 776 2151 91 3680 91 8749
Luxembourg (LU) 13 320 1 1 3 57 162 2 4 22 1 14 1 1 4 9 127 5 8 755
Malta (MT) 2 10 1 2 10 1 3 14 1 73 23 20 1 1 4 23 1196 1 12 13 1411
Netherlands (NL) 410 8568 1 3 9 60 264 1 55 302 4341 32 5 148 245 4 49 12 97 82 15 2 16 291 738 3523 120 1383 699 21475
Poland (PL) 1104 9332 6 9 63 786 2647 1 136 1006 7277 17 10 1913 845 5 118 17 73 570 25 7 116 15 813 3056 19596 1423 16427 856 68269
Portugal (PT) 40 2149 2 14 126 25 2218 523 2 4 253 246 1 61 11 199 34 4 2 3 1104 305 13076 7 866 1778 23053
Romania (RO) 1049 9383 131 4 435 22 594 96 3029 5893 468 1133 656 8759 2 13 88 294 9 52 19 19 1094 1957 19291 29 1782 1328 57629
Slovakia (SK) 4818 146 8 17 37 8670 109 13 50 1322 17 137 246 198 2 12 36 135 1 3 36 40 235 1962 44 1225 530 20049
Slovenia (SI) 1473 32 1 147 4 11 14 4 92 182 4 4 20 334 1 13 1 4 3 19 77 363 7 98 121 3029
Spain (ES) 216 2264 31 26 8 23 258 5 246 5314 1951 27 10 841 8130 13 12 144 532 135 1859 47 24 25 1199 36425 52 1410 1144 62371
Sweden (SE) 82 84 2 10 15 3225 8 1194 101 225 53 6 124 110 2 8 15 142 83 9 2 1 2 279 2040 251 31059 205 39337
United Kingdom (UK) 232 542 10 6 5277 216 598 10 403 1086 1423 877 29 17585 2218 16 19 76 217 1070 271 180 438 66 14 1544 1329 148 3293 460 39653
Iceland (IS) 4 6 388 4 8 28 2 2 1 1 21 7 10 831 179 2444 18 3954
Liechtenstein (LI) 96 6 2 5 5 20 5 25 6 11 2 3 1 3 5 104 11 5 315
Norway (NO) 15 15 6 1 2 2 959 1 63 27 81 2 19 30 2 1 6 3 80 25 4 2 1 1 104 2577 683 174 58 4944
Switzerland (CH) 315 218 4 11 47 47 24 668 888 14 12 32 1244 2 3 3 77 32 73 9 6 16 111 181 689 4 31 87 4848
Total 30731 48494 574 363 23003 10838 14005 156 5630 30861 47227 4921 1581 25200 30193 288 213 6506 1269 13796 2730 3164 1074 3177 1013 12060 29822 183704 4079 185 92908 66918 696683
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.