Navigation path

Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

Back to homepage

Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 138 27 17 36 152 91 1 47 84 7412 26 46 60 1814 4 68 9 142 44 22 16 209 276 86 252 1054 18 127 310 2781 15369
Belgium (BE) 103 5 2 21 56 1 17 13066 783 37 6 91 316 1 2 2509 10 6123 20 86 16 4 1 328 162 1557 8 103 1536 26970
Bulgaria (BG) 288 744 2 791 41 272 61 357 2882 375 3 212 682 1 21 121 109 22 28 13 6 141 321 516 4569 15 528 429 13550
Croatia (HR) 293 43 8 37 1 14 28 1497 1 82 189 6 36 1 4 121 9 233 604 5 273 98 3583
Cyprus (CY) 6 3 1 5 17 108 56 1 3 6 6 1 23 17 2 14 989 16 1274
Czech Republic (CZ) 1199 109 65 15 39 68 3 38 128 2210 31 38 251 274 9 1 3 35 58 283 22 10 2238 43 57 378 2039 20 673 474 10811
Denmark (DK) 34 50 3 9 11 95 64 371 6 5 70 92 6 5 59 3 65 21 12 2 1 2 147 4452 1375 1275 2 15159 118 23514
Estonia (EE) 14 25 3 55 2301 179 135 4 1 46 115 64 17 4 24 3 9 296 1534 6 998 21 5854
Finland (FI) 34 61 7 6 85 64 41 176 1 2 130 51 4 6 4 84 12 1 1 71 2719 1165 13 1759 105 6602
France (FR) 104 9205 19 6 104 59 85 7 103 1399 143 6 216 837 1 3 1802 19 205 119 271 61 11 15 1082 250 4242 37 253 13579 34243
Germany (DE) 15170 1994 171 56 87 498 2530 17 381 1079 1179 119 985 2215 33 18 2350 46 2905 1023 214 63 38 147 1973 2583 8081 192 21 3820 32355 82343
Greece (EL) 96 782 44 1 15570 16 136 3 73 276 3344 7 195 360 2 3 18 504 21 8 23 9 17 80 1645 12499 38 2 405 829 37006
Hungary (HU) 2950 290 6 7 345 35 316 140 257 4047 33 667 589 3 47 240 11 12 155 413 40 137 1834 5318 21 1801 877 20591
Ireland (IE) 27 79 3 4 9 26 20 78 164 8 5 60 4 1 4 25 102 124 6 6 6 2 380 125 18275 5 1540 50 21138
Italy (IT) 726 2563 34 41 141 103 183 13 86 2958 3533 1506 24 469 4 4 28 331 357 112 169 159 30 225 1961 643 18250 47 2 471 8813 43986
Latvia (LV) 30 65 3 11 6 248 50 65 19 647 1 103 33 22 21 28 8 1 1 1 10 422 990 28 1017 65 3895
Lithuania (LT) 35 153 2 5 1 458 16 58 37 785 269 130 110 13 35 68 2 1 23 776 2156 91 3680 93 8997
Luxembourg (LU) 13 369 1 1 3 73 177 2 4 22 1 14 1 1 4 9 127 5 13 840
Malta (MT) 2 11 1 2 10 1 3 14 1 77 23 12 1 1 4 23 1198 1 12 13 1410
Netherlands (NL) 412 8921 1 3 9 60 264 2 60 324 4917 32 7 169 245 4 49 13 98 82 15 2 16 294 738 3537 120 1383 720 22497
Poland (PL) 1158 10432 6 14 63 786 2609 1 143 1061 9062 17 16 2002 845 5 118 17 73 616 25 7 127 17 816 3056 19609 1423 16427 894 71445
Portugal (PT) 43 2366 2 14 126 29 2386 670 2 5 295 246 1 65 11 229 34 4 2 6 1137 305 13077 7 866 1845 23773
Romania (RO) 1057 10153 131 4 435 22 594 97 3479 8818 468 1337 1011 8759 2 14 89 387 11 52 20 21 1096 1957 19301 29 1782 1346 62472
Slovakia (SK) 4831 149 8 21 37 8670 109 13 51 1550 17 159 270 198 2 12 54 135 1 3 39 40 235 1963 44 1225 547 20383
Slovenia (SI) 1484 35 1 150 4 11 13 4 95 296 4 4 21 334 1 1 21 1 4 3 19 77 363 7 98 121 3172
Spain (ES) 218 2378 31 27 8 23 258 5 311 5570 2575 27 11 957 8130 13 12 144 615 142 1859 47 26 29 1199 36440 52 1410 1231 63748
Sweden (SE) 83 84 2 10 15 3218 8 1213 107 237 53 7 126 110 2 8 15 135 83 9 2 1 2 280 2058 251 31059 213 39391
United Kingdom (UK) 235 556 10 7 5315 216 598 10 445 1159 1579 877 37 18455 2218 16 19 76 225 907 283 180 438 66 14 1555 1329 148 3293 507 40773
Iceland (IS) 4 7 387 4 8 34 2 2 1 1 17 7 13 831 182 2444 18 3962
Liechtenstein (LI) 99 6 2 5 5 23 5 25 6 9 2 3 1 3 5 104 11 7 321
Norway (NO) 16 16 6 1 2 2 947 1 69 30 84 2 21 30 2 1 6 3 69 25 4 2 1 1 104 2577 686 174 60 4942
Switzerland (CH) 322 223 4 11 47 47 27 703 1080 14 13 39 1244 2 3 3 106 37 73 9 5 18 112 181 692 4 31 87 5137
Total 31080 52013 574 382 23050 10838 13832 203 5925 33722 60609 4921 1863 27303 30193 288 213 7116 1307 14195 2770 3164 1074 3223 1195 12153 29822 184034 4079 185 92908 69758 723992
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.