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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 135 27 16 36 152 91 1 47 79 6455 26 44 55 1551 4 65 7 174 44 22 16 207 238 82 241 997 15 127 310 2574 13838
Belgium (BE) 102 5 2 21 56 1 17 11323 681 37 6 87 290 1 2 2013 8 4758 20 83 14 4 1 316 147 1435 8 103 1409 22950
Bulgaria (BG) 278 704 2 791 41 272 59 322 2071 375 3 136 645 1 21 112 82 22 27 13 6 141 314 468 4254 15 528 426 12129
Croatia (HR) 293 41 8 37 1 12 26 146 1 38 145 3 12 1 4 84 7 164 503 1 273 83 1883
Cyprus (CY) 6 3 1 4 12 90 56 1 3 5 3 1 23 17 2 13 920 16 1176
Czech Republic (CZ) 1171 106 65 15 39 68 2 24 115 1517 31 38 208 194 9 1 3 34 48 283 22 10 2204 26 52 339 1865 20 673 463 9645
Denmark (DK) 34 50 3 9 11 94 60 365 6 4 65 69 6 5 59 2 111 21 11 2 1 1 145 4055 1311 1264 2 15159 116 23041
Estonia (EE) 13 25 3 55 2249 178 126 4 1 42 115 64 17 3 15 3 9 280 1500 4 998 21 5725
Finland (FI) 34 61 7 6 85 49 37 149 1 2 124 43 4 6 4 59 12 1 1 71 2307 1064 12 1759 103 6001
France (FR) 102 8664 19 6 104 59 85 7 82 1258 143 6 186 773 1 3 1600 15 269 115 251 57 11 14 1057 237 4009 39 253 12860 32285
Germany (DE) 14984 1900 171 54 87 498 2644 16 359 982 1179 90 937 2023 33 18 2133 43 3056 1018 208 61 38 104 1954 2429 7808 187 21 3820 31552 80407
Greece (EL) 96 743 44 15561 16 136 3 65 238 2432 6 136 325 2 3 14 204 21 8 20 9 13 74 1481 11200 20 2 405 795 34072
Hungary (HU) 2816 257 6 7 345 35 316 134 242 2666 33 455 554 3 39 187 11 12 144 416 29 130 1672 5009 18 1801 823 18160
Ireland (IE) 26 80 3 4 9 26 17 73 155 8 5 55 4 1 4 24 98 123 5 5 6 2 370 116 17017 3 1540 44 19823
Italy (IT) 714 2468 34 40 141 103 183 13 82 2682 1967 1506 20 350 4 4 28 254 299 109 144 142 30 211 1917 601 17201 47 2 471 8271 40038
Latvia (LV) 29 56 3 11 6 248 24 65 16 506 1 88 24 22 19 7 8 1 1 9 361 933 26 1017 64 3545
Lithuania (LT) 34 142 2 5 1 458 13 51 35 611 196 110 110 8 42 68 2 1 21 691 2009 81 3680 91 8462
Luxembourg (LU) 13 320 1 1 3 52 159 2 4 21 1 8 1 1 4 9 127 5 8 740
Malta (MT) 2 10 1 2 10 1 3 14 1 73 20 19 1 1 4 23 1074 12 13 1284
Netherlands (NL) 410 8704 1 3 9 60 264 1 55 299 4314 32 5 147 232 4 49 11 97 80 15 2 16 289 669 3341 116 1383 699 21307
Poland (PL) 1101 9332 6 9 63 786 2647 1 136 985 6821 17 10 1788 786 5 118 17 55 496 25 7 116 15 795 2742 18315 1363 16427 856 65840
Portugal (PT) 40 2149 2 14 126 25 2185 397 2 4 232 180 1 61 8 104 34 4 2 3 1065 262 12477 7 866 1778 22028
Romania (RO) 1039 9380 131 4 435 22 594 96 2942 4843 468 1133 611 8067 2 13 80 212 9 39 19 19 1042 1695 17852 24 1782 1328 53881
Slovakia (SK) 4815 146 8 17 37 8670 109 13 49 1205 17 136 237 174 2 9 33 135 1 3 36 36 212 1856 42 1225 530 19753
Slovenia (SI) 1470 33 1 147 4 11 14 4 92 149 4 4 18 293 8 1 4 3 17 63 329 7 98 121 2895
Spain (ES) 215 2267 31 26 8 23 258 5 246 5239 1951 27 10 626 7309 13 12 137 388 135 1711 45 24 25 1079 33900 47 1410 1144 58311
Sweden (SE) 81 84 2 10 15 3225 8 1194 100 222 53 6 124 100 2 8 14 118 83 9 2 1 2 277 1996 243 31059 205 39243
United Kingdom (UK) 230 550 10 6 5277 216 598 10 403 1056 1414 877 29 16527 1964 16 19 60 174 990 271 149 430 66 14 1471 1179 141 3293 460 37900
Iceland (IS) 4 6 388 4 8 28 2 2 1 1 21 7 9 759 176 2444 18 3878
Liechtenstein (LI) 96 6 2 5 5 20 5 22 6 2 2 3 1 3 4 104 11 5 302
Norway (NO) 15 15 6 1 2 2 959 1 63 27 81 2 19 27 2 1 6 3 68 25 4 1 1 1 102 2292 655 168 58 4607
Switzerland (CH) 313 216 4 11 47 47 24 644 888 14 12 31 1196 2 3 3 68 32 37 9 6 16 110 175 667 4 31 87 4697
Total 30570 48656 574 363 23003 10838 14005 156 5630 30106 43701 4921 1579 23550 27313 288 213 6176 1086 11949 2730 2870 1023 3177 1013 11754 26765 171904 3922 185 92908 66918 669846
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.