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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 138 27 17 36 152 91 1 47 84 7529 26 46 60 1814 4 68 9 192 44 22 16 209 276 87 252 1054 18 127 310 2781 15537
Belgium (BE) 103 5 2 21 56 1 17 13066 807 37 6 91 316 1 2 2512 10 8873 20 86 16 4 1 329 162 1557 8 103 1536 29748
Bulgaria (BG) 288 745 2 791 41 272 61 357 2921 375 3 212 682 1 22 121 224 22 28 13 6 141 332 516 4569 15 528 429 13717
Croatia (HR) 293 43 8 37 1 14 28 1545 1 82 189 6 57 1 4 120 9 233 604 5 273 98 3651
Cyprus (CY) 6 3 1 5 17 108 56 1 3 6 6 2 23 17 2 14 989 16 1275
Czech Republic (CZ) 1199 109 65 15 39 68 3 38 128 2243 31 38 251 274 9 1 3 35 104 283 22 10 2232 43 58 378 2039 20 673 474 10885
Denmark (DK) 34 50 3 9 11 95 64 374 6 5 70 92 6 5 59 3 96 21 12 2 1 2 149 4452 1375 1275 3 15159 118 23551
Estonia (EE) 14 25 3 55 2301 179 138 4 1 46 115 64 17 4 33 3 9 296 1534 6 998 21 5866
Finland (FI) 34 61 7 6 85 64 41 176 1 2 130 51 4 6 4 129 12 1 1 72 2719 1165 13 1759 105 6648
France (FR) 104 9222 19 6 104 59 85 7 103 1405 143 6 216 837 1 3 1825 19 360 119 271 61 11 15 1101 250 4242 37 253 13579 34463
Germany (DE) 15166 1998 171 56 87 498 2520 17 381 1079 1179 119 985 2215 33 18 2351 46 3889 1023 214 63 38 147 1982 2583 8081 192 23 3820 32355 83329
Greece (EL) 96 783 44 1 15570 16 136 3 73 276 3401 7 195 360 2 3 18 935 21 8 23 9 17 80 1645 12499 38 2 405 829 37495
Hungary (HU) 2950 291 6 7 345 35 316 140 257 4116 33 667 589 3 47 453 11 12 155 413 40 140 1834 5318 21 1801 877 20877
Ireland (IE) 27 79 3 4 9 26 20 78 164 8 5 60 4 1 4 25 200 124 6 6 6 2 381 125 18275 5 1540 50 21237
Italy (IT) 725 2579 34 41 141 103 183 13 86 2958 3560 1506 24 469 4 4 29 331 583 112 169 159 30 225 1968 643 18250 47 2 471 8813 44262
Latvia (LV) 30 65 3 11 6 247 50 65 19 653 1 103 33 22 21 73 8 1 1 1 10 422 990 28 1017 65 3945
Lithuania (LT) 35 153 2 5 1 458 16 58 37 803 269 130 110 13 70 68 2 1 25 776 2156 91 3680 93 9052
Luxembourg (LU) 13 369 1 1 3 73 177 2 4 22 2 1 14 1 1 4 9 127 5 13 842
Malta (MT) 2 11 1 2 10 1 3 14 1 77 23 33 1 1 4 23 1198 1 12 13 1431
Netherlands (NL) 412 8921 1 3 9 60 261 2 60 324 5019 32 7 169 245 4 49 13 98 82 15 2 16 296 738 3537 120 1383 720 22598
Poland (PL) 1158 10434 6 14 63 786 2609 1 143 1061 9284 17 16 2002 845 5 118 17 73 1053 25 7 127 17 821 3056 19609 1423 16427 894 72111
Portugal (PT) 43 2370 2 14 126 29 2386 670 2 5 295 246 1 66 11 457 34 4 2 6 1144 305 13077 7 866 1845 24013
Romania (RO) 1057 10157 131 4 435 22 594 97 3479 8905 468 1337 1011 8759 2 14 89 867 11 52 20 21 1149 1957 19301 29 1782 1346 63096
Slovakia (SK) 4831 150 8 21 37 8670 109 13 51 1559 17 159 270 198 2 12 108 135 1 3 39 40 235 1963 44 1225 547 20447
Slovenia (SI) 1484 36 1 150 4 11 13 4 95 296 4 4 21 334 1 1 32 1 4 3 20 77 363 7 98 121 3185
Spain (ES) 218 2393 31 27 8 23 258 5 311 5570 2605 27 11 957 8130 13 12 144 1416 142 1859 47 26 29 1199 36440 52 1410 1231 64594
Sweden (SE) 83 84 2 10 15 3217 8 1213 107 237 53 7 126 110 2 8 15 196 83 9 2 1 2 281 2058 251 31059 213 39452
United Kingdom (UK) 235 557 10 7 5315 216 597 10 445 1159 1579 877 37 18455 2218 16 19 76 225 1792 283 180 438 66 14 1627 1329 148 3293 507 41730
Iceland (IS) 4 7 386 4 8 34 2 2 1 1 27 7 13 831 182 2444 18 3971
Liechtenstein (LI) 99 6 2 5 5 23 5 25 6 20 2 3 1 3 5 104 11 7 332
Norway (NO) 16 16 6 1 2 2 947 1 69 30 84 2 21 30 2 1 6 3 85 25 4 2 1 1 104 2577 686 174 60 4958
Switzerland (CH) 322 223 4 11 47 47 27 703 1089 14 13 39 1244 2 3 3 142 37 73 9 5 18 112 181 692 4 31 87 5182
Total 31075 52081 574 382 23050 10838 13815 203 5925 33722 61518 4921 1863 27303 30193 288 213 7146 1307 22503 2770 3164 1074 3217 1194 12352 29822 184034 4079 188 92908 69758 733480
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.