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Statistics - Professionals moving abroad (establishment)

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Geography of mobility - Establishment

The table below shows the number of decisions taken on professionals who obtain professional qualifications in one country (country of qualification– listed in rows) and apply for recognition in another country (host country – listed in columns) to practice there on a permanent basis. All regulated professions are included.

Data covers all types of recognition decisions: positive (agreement) or negative (refusal) taken by host countries.

It is possible to filter the table to view a certain type of decision or a given period.

       

Country of qualification

The graph on the left presents the top five countries where migrating professionals obtained their professional qualifications.

The graph on the right presents the top five countries where migrating professionals had their qualifications recognized.

The graphs are based on the statistics provided by the Member States, displayed also in the table below. They are updated according to the search criteria introduced in the filter above.

Period from: All
Period to: All
Decisions taken by host country: All
Country of qualification: All
Host country: All
Profession: All

Host country

Qualification obtained in Recognition in host country
AT BE BG HR CY CZ DK EE FI FR DE EL HU IE IT LV LT LU MT NL PL PT RO SK SI ES SE UK IS LI NO CH Total
Austria (AT) 138 27 17 44 159 91 1 47 84 7529 26 46 60 1814 4 68 9 192 44 22 16 209 241 87 252 1054 18 127 310 2781 15517
Belgium (BE) 103 5 1 14 22 56 1 17 13066 807 37 6 91 316 1 2 2512 11 8971 20 86 16 4 1 329 162 1557 8 103 1536 29861
Bulgaria (BG) 288 745 4 1068 48 272 61 357 2921 375 3 212 682 1 22 122 226 22 28 13 6 141 334 516 4569 15 528 429 14008
Croatia (HR) 293 43 9 37 1 14 28 1545 1 82 189 7 58 1 4 111 9 233 604 5 273 98 3645
Cyprus (CY) 6 3 1 5 17 108 56 1 3 6 6 2 23 17 2 14 989 16 1275
Czech Republic (CZ) 1197 110 65 16 92 68 3 38 128 2243 31 38 251 274 9 1 3 35 104 283 22 10 2232 30 58 378 2039 20 673 474 10925
Denmark (DK) 33 50 4 9 13 95 64 374 6 5 70 92 6 5 59 3 97 21 12 2 1 1 149 4452 1375 1275 3 15159 118 23553
Estonia (EE) 14 25 3 55 2301 179 138 4 1 46 115 64 17 4 33 3 9 296 1534 6 998 21 5866
Finland (FI) 34 61 9 7 85 64 41 176 1 2 130 51 4 6 4 129 12 1 1 72 2719 1165 13 1759 105 6651
France (FR) 104 9250 19 6 147 61 85 7 103 1405 143 6 216 837 1 3 1825 19 361 119 271 61 11 15 1102 250 4242 37 253 13579 34538
Germany (DE) 15134 1998 171 59 113 540 2496 17 381 1079 1179 119 985 2215 33 18 2351 47 3964 1023 214 63 38 89 1982 2583 8081 192 23 3820 32355 83362
Greece (EL) 96 784 44 1 21924 16 135 3 73 276 3401 7 195 360 2 3 18 943 21 8 23 9 11 80 1645 12499 38 2 405 829 43851
Hungary (HU) 2950 291 6 7 428 36 315 140 257 4116 33 667 589 3 47 456 11 12 164 413 31 140 1834 5318 21 1801 877 20963
Ireland (IE) 27 79 3 4 10 26 20 78 164 8 5 60 4 1 4 25 201 124 6 6 6 381 125 18275 5 1540 50 21237
Italy (IT) 722 2585 34 59 197 111 183 13 86 2958 3560 1506 24 469 4 4 29 353 588 112 169 159 30 204 1968 643 18250 47 2 471 8813 44353
Latvia (LV) 30 65 3 11 6 247 50 65 19 653 1 103 33 22 21 73 8 1 1 1 10 422 990 28 1017 65 3945
Lithuania (LT) 35 153 2 1 5 1 458 16 58 37 803 269 130 110 13 71 68 2 1 26 776 2156 91 3680 93 9055
Luxembourg (LU) 12 369 1 1 3 73 177 2 4 22 2 1 14 1 1 4 9 127 5 13 841
Malta (MT) 2 11 1 2 10 1 3 14 1 77 23 33 1 1 4 23 1198 1 12 13 1431
Netherlands (NL) 411 8947 1 3 18 61 261 2 60 324 5019 32 7 169 245 4 49 14 98 82 15 2 16 296 738 3537 120 1383 720 22634
Poland (PL) 1158 10440 6 14 73 913 2605 1 143 1061 9284 17 16 2002 845 5 118 17 75 1062 25 7 127 16 821 3056 19609 1423 16427 894 72260
Portugal (PT) 43 2371 2 1 15 126 29 2386 670 2 5 295 246 1 66 12 457 34 4 2 4 1144 305 13077 7 866 1845 24015
Romania (RO) 1057 10160 131 4 497 25 594 97 3479 8905 468 1337 1011 8759 2 14 91 874 11 52 20 20 1149 1957 19301 29 1782 1346 63172
Slovakia (SK) 4831 150 8 22 61 9432 109 13 51 1559 17 159 270 198 2 12 108 135 1 3 37 40 235 1963 44 1225 547 21232
Slovenia (SI) 1484 36 1 161 5 12 13 4 95 296 4 4 21 334 1 2 33 1 4 3 20 77 363 7 98 121 3200
Spain (ES) 218 2398 31 29 11 26 258 5 311 5570 2605 27 11 957 8130 13 12 145 1430 142 1859 47 26 24 1199 36440 52 1410 1231 64617
Sweden (SE) 81 84 2 10 17 3214 8 1212 107 237 53 7 126 110 2 8 15 199 83 9 2 1 2 281 2058 251 31059 213 39451
United Kingdom (UK) 233 559 10 8 9149 235 597 10 445 1159 1579 877 37 18455 2218 16 19 76 232 1802 283 180 440 66 11 1627 1329 148 3293 507 45600
Iceland (IS) 4 7 386 4 8 34 2 2 1 1 27 7 13 831 182 2444 18 3971
Liechtenstein (LI) 99 6 2 5 5 23 5 25 6 20 2 3 1 3 5 104 11 7 332
Norway (NO) 16 16 6 1 2 2 947 1 69 30 84 2 21 30 2 1 6 3 85 25 4 2 1 1 104 2577 686 174 60 4958
Switzerland (CH) 321 225 4 20 47 47 27 703 1089 14 13 39 1244 2 3 3 144 37 73 9 5 15 112 181 692 4 31 87 5191
Total 31030 52162 574 424 33917 11830 13782 203 5924 33722 61518 4921 1863 27303 30193 288 213 7146 1348 22745 2770 3164 1085 3217 1023 12356 29822 184034 4079 188 92908 69758 745510
The database contains information on regulated professions, statistics on migrating professionals,contact points and competent authorities, as provided by EU Member States, EEA countries and Switzerland.
Each country is responsible for updating information, on its regulated professions, competent authorities and statistics.
The Commission cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information. However, if errors are brought to its attention, the Commission undertakes to correct them, if deemed appropriate.