So-called borderline products are those for which it’s not clear whether they fall under the medical devices legislation or another piece of legislation.
These cases are of great concern to EU countries, the European Commission and other stakeholders since they can lead to different interpretations within the EU, and as a consequence, may put public health at risk and distort the Single Market.
To ensure a uniform approach, the Commission tries to facilitate a dialogue between regulators and industry, where diverse interpretations exist.
The Commission is currently analysing the issue of the reprocessing of medical devices within the EU. This is to ensure a high level of health protection.
Counterfeiting of health products is a serious and growing concern, since this practice endangers patients’ safety and health. Both complete medical devices and separate device parts have been counterfeited. To fight against this activity steps are taken at EU, regional and international level to ensure that only authentic products are delivered to European citizens.
Consequences of counterfeiting
The Commission issued a study on Distribution Channels (106 kB) dealing with counterfeit issues. The goal is to assist and encourage the development and implementation of government policies and regulations that combat and dissuade the production and trade of counterfeit medical devices.
It is essential that mechanisms to detect and prevent counterfeit medical devices are provided for throughout the European Union.
The Unique Device Identification (UDI) is a unique numeric or alphanumeric code pertaining to a medical device, in two parts:
These provide access to useful and relevant information regarding the device. Due to the UDI’s specificity:
The UDI will not be a substitute for, but an addition to the existing labelling requirements for medical devices.
The EU, as Chair of the IMDRF (International Medical Device Regulators Forum) Working Group on UDI, has strongly contributed to the preparation of the international Guidance on a Unique Device Identification (324 kB) (UDI) -System for Medical Devices, which was adopted in December 2013.
The Commission issued a recommendation in April 2013 on a common framework for a unique device identification system of medical devices in the EU. This is to provide the basis of the EU's future identification and traceability infrastructure, in line with the latest developments at international level.