Regulations relating to the safety and performance of medical devices in the EU were harmonised in the 1990s, following the New Approach on legislative principles. The core legal framework consists of three directives:
They aim of these Directives is to ensure a high level of protection for human health and safety and a good functioning of the Single Market. These three main directives have been supplemented over time by several modifying and implementing directives, including the last technical revision brought about by Directive 2007/47/EC.
The original Directives have been amended several times and a consolidated version is available.
|Active implantable medical devices||In vitro diagnostic medical devices||Medical devices|
|Original directive||Directive 90/385||Directive 98/79||Directive 93/42|
|Amendment 1||Directive 93/42||Regulation 1882/2003||Directive 98/79|
|Amendment 2||Directive 93/68||Regulation 596/2009||Directive 2000/70|
|Amendment 3||Regulation 1882/2003||Directive 2011/100||Directive 2001/104|
|Amendment 4||Directive 2007/47||Regulation 1882/2003|
|Amendment 5||Directive 2007/47|
|Latest but one consolidated version||20.11.2003 including amendment No. 3||07.08.2009 including amendment No. 2||20.11.2003 including amendment No. 4|
|Latest consolidated version||11.10.2007 including amendment No. 4||11.01.2012 including amendment No. 3||11.01.2007 including amendment No. 5|
The Commission adopted several implementing measures based on the Medical Devices Directives. These measures concern, among others, medical devices manufactured using tissues of animal origin, the classification of certain medical devices and Common Technical Specifications for In vitro diagnostics (IVDs)s, listed in Annex Ⅱof the IVD Directive.
See below key documents on recommendations, classification and other amending and implementing legislation:
In addition, legally non-binding guidance documents, MEDDEVs, consensus statements and informative documents pursue the objective of ensuring uniform application of the relevant provisions of the directives within the EU.
On 26 September 2012, the European Commission adopted a Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on i) medical devices and ii) in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices. These regulations, once adopted, will replace the existing three medical devices directives.
The texts of the proposals and other related documents are available on the Revision page