The Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment Directive 1999/5/EC establishes a regulatory framework for placing and putting into service radio and telecommunications terminal equipment (R&TTE) on the free market.
The R&TTE Directive covers all equipment that uses the radio frequency spectrum, with a few exceptions. It also covers all terminal equipment attached to public telecommunication networks. Typical products which are covered by the Directive include radio-terminals (e.g. GSM handsets); other radio equipment (e.g. GSM base stations, car-door openers and other short range radio devices); fixed network terminal equipment (e.g. normal analogue telephones, ISDN terminals, cable and PC modems). The main aspects of the Directive are:
The European Parliament and Council Directive on Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment (1999/5/EC) was revised in 2014 to become the Radio Equipment Directive 2014/53/EU.
This new directive will be applicable from 13 June 2016 and aligns the previous directive with the New Legislative Framework for the marketing of products.
The revision takes account of the need for improved market surveillance, in particular for the traceability obligations of manufacturers, importers and distributors. It provides improved instruments for market surveillance, such as the possibility to require prior registration of radio equipment, within those categories affected by low levels of compliance
The Directive ensures a single market for radio equipment by setting essential requirements for safety and health, electromagnetic compatibility and the efficient use of the radio spectrum. This applies to all products using the radio frequency spectrum.
Implementation of the Radio Equipment Directive is regularly discussed with representatives from EU countries at Telecommunication Conformity Assessment and Market Surveillance Committee (TCAM) meetings. EU Member States are expected to continuously improve their national systems of market surveillance, both in a preventative and corrective way.
Equipment classes are defined by Article 4.1 of the Directive. The European Commission has adopted a Decision laying down an initial classification – called Commission Decision 2000/299/EC of 6 April 2000. The decision identifies two classes:
Class 1 equipment is equipment that can be placed on the market and be put into service without restrictions as indicated in Article 1(1) of the Decision. The Commission, in consultation with Member States, publishes an indicative and non-exhaustive list of equipment falling within the scope of Class 1: Subclasses of Class 1 - December 2014 (2 MB)
Class 2 equipment is equipment for which Member States apply restrictions as indicated in Article 1(2) of the Decision, which also assigns the Alert Sign as Equipment Class Identifier for this class. The following subclasses of Class 2 correspond to radio equipment using harmonised frequency bands for which, in consequence, notification in accordance with Article 6(4) of the Directive is not necessary: Subclasses of Class 2 - December 2014 (300 kB)
A Guide (369 kB) is available to assist with the common application of Directive 1999/5/EC. It has no weight in law but deals with a number of practical issues that will be of interest to manufacturers and other stakeholders.
A quick guide (94 kB) on the obligations of manufacturers under the R&TTE Directive is also available.
Standardisation mandate addressed to CEN, CENELEC and ETSI in the field of electrotechnology, information technology and telecommunications.
Press Release 06/08/2001: Safer mobile phones: European Commission publishes new safety standard on electromagnetic fields.
Council Recommendation 1999/519/EC of 12 July 1999 on the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz).
Information on electromagnetic fields from DG Health and Food Safety
Possible ways to improve receivers’ performances of mobile telephones in the market have been debated with main involved actors, mobile phone industry, mobile operators, consumers’ associations, national authorities, etc.
The Administrative Cooperation (ADCO for R&TTE) is an independent Working Group run and chaired by the Member States. It is a forum for cooperation and exchange of information between national market surveillance authorities.
Workshop: Wireless resources for Advanced Manufacturing (2014) (898 kB)
The development and uptake of advanced manufacturing is essential for the future of EU industry. Wireless applications are a key enabler of advanced manufacturing and increasingly present in the manufacturing environment. Therefore a workshop was organised by the Commission to ensure the needs of advanced manufacturing are fully integrated in the policies for spectrum management and related standardisation.
Harmonisation of mobile phones chargers is a key priority of the Commissions environmental sustainability policy.
The environmental benefits of harmonising chargers can be considerable, as the number of chargers sold unnecessarily could reduce the associated generated electronic waste. A common charger is also expected to improve energy-efficiency, complying with the newest European harmonised standards, and thus reducing energy consumption.
To this end, the Commission has initiated the 'One Charger for All' campaign.
The WEEE Directive promotes the collection and recycling of electronic equipment (Directive 2012/19/EU). It provides for the creation of collection schemes where consumers return their used e-waste free of charge.
The RoHS Directive (2011/65/EU) restricts the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.