Navigation path

Emissions in the automotive sector

The protection of air quality is a priority for the European Commission. Emission standards are currently in place for light–duty (cars, vans) and heavy-duty vehicles (coaches, buses, trucks), and for non-road mobile machinery. The Commission also encourages technological development to help protect the environment and reduce air pollution.

Emissions from light-duty vehicles

  • Emission limits - regulations on emission limit standards Euro 5 and 6 for light passenger and commercial vehicles have introduced new stricter emission limits..
  • Reducing CO2 –EU laws set binding emission targets for new car and van fleets to help reduce the CO2 emissions of light-duty vehicles. More on reducing CO2 emissions.
  • Improving testing procedures - the Commission works on the improvement of testing procedures for pollutant emissions and fuel consumption. This helps assess the performance of vehicles under real-life conditions. Two new testing procedures are currently being developed: Real Driving Emissions (RDE) for measuring regulated pollutants and the Worldwide Harmonized Light-duty Vehicles Testing Procedure (WLTP) for measuring CO2 emissions.

Emissions from heavy-duty vehicles

  • Emission limits - Regulations on EURO VI for heavy duty vehicles have introduced new stricter emission limits. Euro VI standards became mandatory on 1 January 2013.
  • Reducing CO2 - the Commission is working on a comprehensive strategy to reduce CO2 emissions.

Supporting information:

Light-duty vehicles

Heavy-duty vehicles