The EU Industrial Structure Report

The EU Industrial Structure Report

The EU Industrial Structure Report is a biennial publication that analyses competitiveness at sectorial level. It is written by experts at Directorate General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs. The publication is useful for anyone interested in the structure and performance of EU industries.


  • to analyse the medium-term trends and performance of EU industrial sectors
  • to assess the EU’s position in global value chains
  • to examine the impact of the economic crisis on EU industry

It analyses the performance of EU industrial and service sectors in terms of:

  • productivity and its underlying drivers
  • changes to industrial and export specialisation
  • comparative advantages at EU and national level
  • the position of the EU in increasingly global value chains.

2015 report: EU structural change


Chapter One: Changes in the EU's productive structure

  • Patterns of growth in output, employment, investment at sectoral level for the EU-28 and the individual EU countries
  • Changes in the structure of employment and output, with possible explanations

Chapter 2: Productivity and growth

  • Analysis of productivity in the EU, both at the sectoral level and in comparison to competitors, highlighting ongoing structural changes affecting the economic landscape
  • Assessment of EU industrial competitiveness with regards to the main factors of production: labour, energy, human capital, and technology

Chapter 3: EU external competitiveness

  • An analysis of the EU's external competitiveness in goods and services
  • Global supply chains linkages at sector level
  • Foreign direct investment and relocation of business functions

Previous reports