As part of the European Commission's effort to monitor the development of the collaborative economy, a study was undertaken to assess regulation affecting the collaborative economy in the short-term accommodation sector. The study aims to provide a description and preliminary assessment of the regulatory environment in EU countries while taking into account the dynamics and on-going changes in the sector.
This study assesses the business environment in the collaborative economy across 6 themes (accommodation, transport, finance, public administration, business support and alignment) in EU countries. The study developed a 'Collaborative Economy Index' to measure and benchmark the openness of regulatory environments and the supportiveness of administrative actions.
This study measured how developed the EU collaborative economy is in the transport, accommodation, finance and online skills sectors. The size of the collaborative economy was estimated at €26.5 billion (0.17% of EU GDP in 2016) and provides work for 394,000 people (0.15% of EU employment).
This Joint Research Centre (JRC) Science for Policy report helps to estimate the scale of platform work, outline the main characteristics of platform workers, their working conditions and motivations, and describes the type of services provided through digital employment platforms. It is based on a survey of over 32,000 people across 14 EU countries.
Platform workers in Europe (2018)