The common catalogues of varieties of agricultural plant and vegetable species list the varieties which can be marketed in the EU.
Catalogues are based on the registration of plant varieties in EU countries after they have been technically examined there and notified to the Commission. They are published in the Official Journal.
Variety registration is a precondition for the certification of seed.
To be listed, varieties must meet standards on:
- Value for cultivation and use - for agricultural crops.
This value is based on:
- Resistance to harmful organisms;
- Response to the environment;
- Quality characteristics.
- Commission Directive 2002/55/EC of 13 June 2002 on the marketing of vegetable seed.
- Commission Directive 2002/53/EC of 13 June 2002 on the common catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species.
- Commission Regulation 637/2009/EC of 22 July 2009 establishing implementing rules as to the suitability of the denominations of varieties of agricultural plant species and vegetable species.
- Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/17 authorising the United Kingdom to prohibit on its territory the marketing of a variety of hemp listed in the Common Catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species, pursuant to Council Directive 2002/53/EC